Referring to conflict resolution this study alludes to “ cooperation based” or “ interest-based” conflict resolution which is a discipline whose development is linked to the WWII. As a discipline, conflict resolution diverged from power-based conflict theory, which was a major part and still remains a large part of political science and international relations (Wallis). Needs-based conflict resolution, which is looked at in this study was developed by theorists who came up with a conflict resolution approach which encouraged cooperation (Flint 263). This approach focused on basic human needs and encouraged win-win situation for all parties.
Under this principle, nonviolence, cooperation and belief in the goodness of humanity are the guiding beliefs. Conflict resolution is not about avoiding a conflict, and it is also not about using superior force to conquer your adversary (Wallis). These activities do take part in the conflict, but they have little to do with its resolution. The contemporary view considers conflict resolution as the range of formal or informal activities undertaken by parties to a conflict, or outsiders, designed to limit and reduce the level violence in conflict, and to achieve some understanding on the key issues in conflict, political agreements, or a jointly acceptable decision on future interaction and distribution of resources (Bercovitch and Jackson, 1).
In this regard, conflict resolution is about accepting a conflict, recognizing that there are ways out of it, and engaging in some tacit or explicit coordination, without which none of these goals can be achieved. In developing “ interest-based” conflict resolution, major theorists have been involved. These have been responsible for developing various aspects of the theory such it now looks out for interests of all the involved parties.
One of these individuals was Georg Simmel (1858-1914) Simmel’ s contributions are traced to his book, Conflict which was written after his death in English.
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