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Citizen Journalism Essay Example

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Citizen Journalism

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Mainstream media recognizes the potential for greater detail and a more intimate connection from reports by citizen journalists and therefore seek to partner with citizen journalists. In other words there is a co-dependency between mainstream media and citizen journalism.This study seeks to determine whether or not citizen journalism is, or can be a legitimate and effective news or information source. There are several definitions of citizen journalism, indicating that citizen journalism is a complex phenomenon (Temple, 2013, p. For the purpose of this research, citizen journalism refers to the dissemination of news, opinions, photographs, videos and debates by individuals who are not professional journalists (Allan, 2009, p. Citizen journalists are described as average citizens who discover and share details of news-worthy incidents that take place where they live and/or work (Burns, 2013, p.Technological advancements have enabled citizen journalism, empowering members of the public to collect and share information that often ‘challenges official versions’ or compliments them (Greer and McLaughlin, 2010, p. For example, although journalists did a remarkable job covering the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks on the US, presenting graphic depictions of the events and the aftermath. However, in the meantime, the news industry was experiencing a new phenomenon: citizen journalism. Individual members of the public were using technology, especially the internet to share and report eye-witness accounts, often accompanied by videos and photographs (Gillmor, 2004, p.Previously, when a newsworthy event occurred, the public had to wait for the media to arrive at the event, gather information and photographs or videos and then share the results with the public. Nowadays, if an individual has a camera phone and an internet connection the story and the photographs or videos can be shared immediately before the mainstream media even learns of the event. Some official media outlets are capitalizing on the potential for on-the-spot, instantaneous reporting facilitated by citizen journalism. For example, CNN maintains a community page known as iReports which permits citizens to share stories and photograph/videos of events that they happen to witness or know something about (Brown, 2013, pp.The Sumatra-Andaman earthquake and the tsunami disaster that

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