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Chronohistory of Europe Essay Example

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Chronohistory of Europe

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This has made it a complex process of identifying exactly what could have been the traditions and cultures of this era.In Europe, the existence of human during the Paleolithic era has been traced in various countries such as France, Spain, Bosnia-Herzegovina and Austria among other. Many Paleolithic discoveries in Europe have been made in France with archaeological sites such as the Saint Acheul and Solutre showing the Pleistocene deposits such as the distinctive large hand axes that characterize the period. The terraces that resulted from the alternating cycles of the deposited streams are allied to the changes in sea levels and a general climatic shift during this era. Bones of elephants and rhinoceros from the Paleolithic have been found as well. In other European countries such as Spain, caves, and rock shelters have been found in the North coast of the country in areas such as Mount Buciero, Cantarabia and the Covalanas Cave.The Pleistocene geologic epoch is categorized to be the coextension of the Stone Age, believed to be the overall earliest period of human development. The Stone Age was approximated to begin about 2 million years ago with the Pleistocene epoch ending about 100,000 years ago. During this time, the most outstanding feature that took place was the evolution of human species from the hitherto ape-like creature to the true Homo sapiens. The development of Homo sapiens took many years and thus the Paleolithic period was divided into three successive divisions namely the lower, middle and upper Paleolithic. During these three divisions, the human species evolved from Homo erectus (lower), Neanderthal man (middle) and Homo sapiens such as the Cro-Magnon man and Grimaldi man.The lower Paleolithic period was tracked between 100,000 and 500,000 years ago and is characterized by tools such as the flake tools used to chip stones and hand axes probably used by the food gatherers and the early hunters. The middle Paleolithic period ran between 40,000 and 100,000 years ago and is characterized by an existence of caves and use of fire. The remains of the Neanderthal man have been traced in various parts of Europe such as in Combe-Cappelle and Combe-Grenal both in France. The upper Paleolithic period was characterized by more developed human species referred to as Homo sapiens such as the Cro-Magnon man and Grimaldi man. The era saw development

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Works Cited

Fagan, Brian M. The Oxford Companion to Archaeology. New York, NY [u.a.: Oxford Univ. Press, 1996. Internet resource.

Muckle, Robert J. Introducing Archaeology. , 2014. Print.

Paterson, Susan. The Europe Book: A Journey Through Every Country on the Continent. Footscray, Vic: Lonely Planet, 2010. Print.

Silberman, Neil A, and Alexander A. Bauer. The Oxford Companion to Archaeology. New York: Oxford University Press, 2012. Print.

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