The first one is related to farm sector i. USA has to produce significant amount of bio-diesel and hence there is an urgent need to support the farmers to cultivate bio-diesel plants like Jatropha (Jatropha curcas) and Indian beech tree (Pongamia pinnata) in suitable agro-ecosystems. Though these two trees are native of other countries, USA has strong potential and scope for their cultivation due to hardy nature and adaptability. Jatropha seeds can result in oil production up to 34 % (Achten et al. Indian beech tree can result in production of Karanja methyl ester (KME) which acts as bio diesel and is found to reduce the emission of green house gases like carbon monoxide to a significant level (Nabi et al. The pollution in US states like New York can be minimized considerably by blending these bio-fuels along with petrol or diesel and hence US government must focus on strengthening the efforts of United states Department of Agriculture (USDA) in enhancing the area under cultivation of bio-diesel plantations. Several wastelands have to be converted towards the plantation of bio-diesel vegetation which not only provides additional net returns to the farmers but also aids in reducing the environmental pollution. This bio-diesel can be mixed with petrol or diesel in a balanced ratio so that the pressure on conventional fuels can be reduced. In addition, the green house gas emissions from conventional fuels can be minimized due to utilization of bio-diesel. As assured by our President Barack Obama, the government should exhibit its commitment towards environmental friendly technology by allocating higher investment on bio-diesel vegetation. It is heartening to note that the President has emphasized on. Policies to Reduce Global Warming in USA.
Achten, W. M. J., Verchot, L., Franken, Y. J., Mathijs, E.,
Singh, V. P, Aerts, R. & Muys, B. (2008). Jatropha bio-diesel production and use (a literature review). Biomass and Bioenergy, 32 (12), 1063-1084.
Environment News Service. (2009, March 30). New day
dawns for US global warming policy. http://www.ens-newswire.com/ens/mar2009/2009-03-30-01.asp.
Nabi, M N., Hoque, S. M. N., & Akhter, M. S. (2009).
Karanja (Pongamia pinnata) biodiesel production in Bangaldesh, characterization of Karanja biodiesel and its effect on diesel emissions. Fuel Processing Technology, 90 (9), 1080-1086.
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