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Child & Adolescent Development

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Had favorable experiences with a caregiver who provides warmth and is quick to respond to their needs will develop expectations of support and nurture from such caregiver. Te child then establishes trust towards the caregiver and uses the later as basis for discovering the physical as well as social environment. Tese experiences, cnsequently, fster the development of one’s sense of worth and confidence. O the whole, mtual social exchange (Posada, 2002), psitive attitudes, ad responsiveness (Landry, Sith, ad Swank, 2006) all play relevant functions in during the early psychosocial of children.

A the child obtains control over their abilities, tey explore their environment while their parents remain as their base of security. Cildren aged 2 years and above also begin to develop their interests, sch as enjoying music or taking interest in plants and animals, a well as satisfying certain needs, sch as feeding and dressing themselves. Te normal and favorable development of children at the age of 2 to 5 years old can be encouraged if parents and caregivers foster a self-sufficient behavior with which these children establish a sense of independence, hndling a number of concerns on their own (Sroufe, Eeland, ad Kreutzer, 1990).

Hwever, teir psychosocial development can be adversely affected if caregivers have many demands, d not allow children to carry out tasks that they are capable to perform, o deride their attempts for self-autonomy. A such, cildren at such age may become introverted and doubtful towards their ability to deal with problems. Aypical psychosocial development is often evident in children who do not have experience with adults who are socially and emotionally Awide range of studies have looked into the effects of insecure attachment on problem behaviors.

Cildren and adolescents who continually experience unresponsive or insensitive child care or parenting have been linked to mental, eotional, ad social problems (Crittenden, 2001). Fr example, cildren aged 3 to 5 years old who live in substandard orphanages experienced delays in their behavioral development, prticularly in their mental and social aspects (Kaler and Freeman, 1994). Fr instance, tese children were shown to demonstrate various abnormal behaviors, icluding early passivity that shifts into aggressive behavior, ability to establish genuine relationships, iclination to develop random friendliness, ad...

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preview essay on Child & Adolescent Development
  • Pages: 8 (2000 words)
  • Document Type: Essay
  • Subject: Psychology
  • Level: Masters
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