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Chemistry and Society

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  The crude oil first undergoes a fractional distillation process. One of the fractions called naphtha is the important element for the production of plastic. The two main processes that are used for the production of plastic are polycondensation and polymerization. The two processes require a specific catalyst. In the reaction of a polymerization, propylene and ethylene are linked together to produce long polymers chain. Plastics exist in various types. Furthermore, they can be grouped into two main polymer families. These families include the thermoplastic and the thermosets (Plasticseuropeorg, 2015).

agentsSoap is one of the cleaning agents made from a chemical reaction that happens when fatty acids combine with sodium hydroxide of potassium hydroxide. The role of sodium hydroxide is to act as an emulsifier which that bonds water molecules with fatty acids through generating heat. This process is saponification. Various soaping oil has various composition of fatty acids. These fatty acids provide the final finished soap with the important characteristic. Some of the most common fatty acids found in soaping oil include Lauric Acid, Myristic Acid, Ricinoleic Acid, Acid, Oleic Acid, Palmitic Acid, Stearic Acid (Naturesgardencandlescom, 2015).

CosmeticsIn most of the cosmetic products, mineral oil and petroleum are the basic ingredients. Both petroleum and mineral oil originate for the fossils. Some of the cosmetic products like shampoos contain aromatic hydrocarbons. A good number of these aromas are from the petroleum. One of the most chemical additives that contain moisture in cosmetics is propylene glycol which is also a derivative of petroleum. Some of the products that list propylene glycol as an ingredient include anti-freeze, conditioner, laundry detergent, and shampoo (Organicmakeupca, 2015). FuelsWhen the oil is in its natural state, it has very limited uses.

For oil to have a variety of uses, it needs to be refined. Refining of the oil means boiling the oil.  

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preview essay on Chemistry and Society
  • Pages: 8 (2000 words)
  • Document Type: Essay
  • Subject: Chemistry
  • Level: Undergraduate
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