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The chair is an icon for the history of design Essay Example

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The chair is an icon for the history of design

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Though it involves function, the chair can also be seen as an art work that expresses cultural ideologies that represent a reflection of the contemporary aesthetic of the time in which it was created (Peters and Besley 2006). As an example, Egyptians had the tendency to apply to their artwork the philosophy that was primarily founded in the idea that natural forms should be applied in order not to disturb the balance of the universe by creating an artificial object. So Egyptians applied this philosophy to the construction of a chair (Chisholm 1911).Eventually in each era a series of factors were shifting the chair as an everyday object that finally would combine function and ergonomics. No other artefact could manage to maintain its disciplines (regarding function and cause) and holds the capacity to reflect as high an element of beauty. Chairs can be manufactured or handcrafted in different sizes, materials, colours, shapes, and aesthetics, but still maintain the function of providing a space for seating.Taking into account historical references, chairs reflected a kind of social and economical superiority. The chair also was constituted as a symbol of dignity, power and authority. Historians though connect the chair also to religion, as a symbol of ecclesiastical origin. Until the 16 century, the chair was primarily found in royal and ecclesiastical spaces until it was established and became more evident in common spaces.The Byzantine era (395 -1453), and therefore also the Greek and Roman era, have been important for the form of the chair as the lions’ heads and winged figures of Victory or Nike and dolphin-shaped arms were used. These periods also show the emergence of lyre-backs which have been made familiar by the pseudo-classical revival of the end of the 18th century. The head of the lion was a symbol of power and was used for ornamentation (Chisholm 1911). The materials during that period could be marble, stone, iron or wood. During the Medieval and Renaissance periods, chairs were found in wealthy homes, temples and of course in the home of royalty, showing the economical superiority and presence of power within the presence of such possessions. The chairs of that era were mostly made of wood, and were handcrafted with delicate carvings which were not affordable to everyone, as the artists were doing everything by hand. At that time there was not a

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