Works of all categories, religious, philosophical, scientific and literature –all have suffered the grievous blows at the hands of the censors. On many occasions blows in the literal sense! The sacred revelations like Quran, Bible, heretical or apocryphal writings, and philosophers like Copernicus, Bruno, Galileo, and Darwin were not spared by the censors. Many masterpieces of world literature were on the list of censors. Many copies of such books were mutilated or destroyed. The reasons tendered were moral, or political.In communist countries censorship of literature was one of the main weapons used by the government quite often. Works of Solzhenitsyn and Boris Pasternak come under this category. The following important literary works also faced the axe of the censors on moral and ideological grounds. Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales, Flaubert’s Madame Bovary and D. Lawrence’s Lady Chatterley’s Lover! Voltaire’s Candide and Stowe’s Uncle Tom’s Cabin also met the same fate.Every argument can be effectively met with a counter-argument and the cycle goes on. Political histories of countries all over the world have witnessed the existing systems being challenged by the propagators of new ideas felicitating the other system to take over. The influence of certain literary works on human history has been profound. Thomas Paine, with his fire-brand and witty literature is credited with making the French Revolution and the American Revolution happen. Ample examples can be cited when the engagement in the field of literature created new opportunities for creative expression and provided rare insights, which often. Censoring Literature.
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