Such morphologically altered words can cause a lot of consternation in foreign students. 4Native speakers understand the relationship between the words, ad the rules that govern patterns of use and pronunciation (morphology), bt learners can be frustrated because sometimes even the best teachers can be flustered about why or how differences and quirks came about, ad how on earth to explain them. Drivation is explained well and entertainingly in Mother Tongue by Bill Bryson (1990), wo goes into some detail about derivation. Hstory, plitics, rligion and migration all effect on language, bt are these details important when one is learning English?
I does not help with spelling of such differently pronounced words as rough, tough, trough, tugh, cugh, dugh, sough, bugh, ad enough. Een time has affected the way these words are spelled. Te Word Reference Online Dictionary has an audio function that puts mystified students out of their misery. I explains why thigh rhymes with lie, ad why height does not rhyme with eight. Util the advent of audio aids for learners of English, sudents often mistakes, laving them annoyed and still in the dark.
Dctionaries do nothing to eliminate confusion and bewilderment, ad often add to it. Te difference between a two-language dictionary, sch as Collins French / English, ad a single-language dictionary such as the Macquarie or the Oxford English dictionaries are seldom taught to students. Een the word ‘dictionary’ and its function needs explaining in this sense: to-language ones translate, sngle-language ones define. 5And students need to be conversant with English to understand an entry like: GFT n alms, Cristmas Cristmas stocking, cmpliment, cntribution, dnation, hndout, dnatives, fvor, gant, hndsel, kepsake, lrgesse, mnna from heaven, mrtuary (Archaic), pesent, pesentation, rmembrance, sbscription; ofering, olation.
ad so on for half a page, wth then a second entry giving gift as competence, gnerosity and talent. Wat is a student to make of this, wen the word they seek (if only they knew it) is listed seventeenth in the list? Tis does not explain how English has come to be one of the world’s most spoken languages, te lingua franca of computer and spheres.
Te latter is the operative word: etertainment has seen lyrics of. ..
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