Forest Service, National Park Service, Bureau of Land Management, and the U. Army Corps of Engineers. These government agencies, at the state level as well, either manage archaeological sites on federal and state lands, consult construction projects that require archaeological surveys or work in the state’s historic preservation office. One author describes a potentially interesting direction for archaeology, in general, is in the application of large, interdisciplinary work that involves archaeology to the understanding of “contemporary socio-environmental problems” (Leeuw and Redman 597). That is, the study of previous civilizations may inform and educate society about life, earth, and social processes over long time spans. This means there is a larger role for archaeology to be played in the study of contemporary environmental issues. In the private sector, archaeologists work for firms that perform what is called cultural resources management investigations, which, in every state, are required by law for the preservation and conservation of local culture as represented by artifacts. Often working in association either with public sector archaeologists at universities or colleges, private sector archaeological consultants work independently or with firms that specialize in archaeological investigations. Professional Archaeology Sphere.
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