The events described in the book took place in the period of time, wich divides chapters 6 and 7 in the Book of Ezra. Mre specifically, te events take place in the decade between 483 BC (since the third year of Ahasuerus’ reign; Ether 1: 3 and 473 BC (the end of the 12th year of his reign). Te Book of Esther is the only book of the Bible, were God’s name is not mentioned. Qotes from the book of Esther can’t be found in the New Testament. Is were not found among the Dead Sea Scrolls.
I does not mention either the Law of Moses or sacrifices. Al this is consistent with the view that the Jews who settled in the Persian Empire moved away from observing the Law and, terefore, te will of God. Tey also refused to perform their duty to return to the Promised Land and restore the worship of Jehovah in the temple. Fhlbusch et al (1999: 134) state that “the Book of Esther is the oldest record of hatred of the Jews the narrower sense of dislike because the Jews are different on the basis of their law”.
I the Book of Esther there is no mention of prayers, athough it mentions fasting. Fr instance, i the other books of this period a prayer in the words of the main characters plays an important role (a good example is the books of Ezra and Nehemiah). Bt Mordecai and Esther do not pray. Mybe they both were not well versed in spiritual matters, ecept for their belief that God will protect His Wom the Book of Esther was addressed to?
I the researchers knew who were the first readers of the Book of Esther it would be easier to interpret it. Te book contains several references to dates that correlate the narration with a certain period of the existence of the Persian Empire, bt it has no hint concerning the time of its creation, ad no clear indication of the target audience. Sme scholars suggest that the Book of Esther was written in Persia, ad then transported to Palestine, were it included into the collection of the Old Testament books recognized as canonical.
Mre plausible is another view, wich considers the assumption that the author, lving in Palestine, dscribed these events in Persia for the benefit and edification of his brothers who had returned to the Promised Land. I is unlikely that it was designed for the Persian readers. Is mission was certain – to encourage the Israelis, rminding them that God works in their favor, ad even the people who had refused to return to the...
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