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Biology Essay

Description of 5 microbial diseases
The microorganism can also enter the body through open wounds in the skin. In this case, intimate and prolonged contact is necessary. That is why it is very important that family members of the individual diagnosed with leprosy be tested for the disease.The form that HD will be manifested will depend on the host immune response to the bacillus that causes the disease. Leprosy can be classified in five different forms from mild to severe: Indeterminate leprosy (IL),Tuberculoid leprosy (TT),
Pages: 4 (1000 words), Essay
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Cloning cdc2
The sixth figure is the KpnI cut pALA2 that is also a cdc2 orientation of the second plasmid. The final figure is figure seven that shows the plasmid maps. Table one in the report shows the qubit values and the student number.Cloning can be defined in many ways though all these definitions will add up to the same thing. Cloning generally refers to the process of giving rise to organisms that are alike genetically either in nature like in the asexual reproduction of certain organisms such as
Pages: 8 (2000 words), Essay
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The tubes get open to the outer area through spiracles to allow air to enter through the trachea and tracheoles. The ends of tracheoles penetrate cells to provide oxygen and eschew carbon dioxide. Each of the three thoracic parts in all insects consists of a pair of legs and the hind legs possess a pair of wings. That is how six legs and four wings are found in most of the insects.Paleoptera is defined as most primitive winged insects. That means all paleopterans will have a specific physical
Pages: 8 (2000 words), Essay
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Review the mechanisms of protein folding
Radford (2000) of the University of Leeds (Leeds, UK), School of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, also meaningfully shares on the motivating scientific dynamics of biophysics and protein folding. “… We have reached an exciting stage with consensus beginning to emerge that combines both theoretical and experimental approaches. Furthermore, new fields and disciplines have emerged, including in vitro protein folding and the study of protein misfolding diseases. In today’s post-genomic
Pages: 12 (3000 words), Essay
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CELLULAR PATHOLOGY- Staining protocols
For example, liver and fatty liver cells, scar tissue (fibroblasts) can be used to differentiate between normal and abnormal liver tissues( hepatocytes) after staining because of the absence of glycogen in normal cells. The diastase use in enzymes digestion of glycogen acts as a control. Hence, two slides comparison can show an area occupied by glycogen. PAS Stains glycogen but there can be pre-digestion of tissue with diastase in order to remove glycogen.At least 10 different GSDs types do
Pages: 4 (1000 words), Essay
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Why is evolution true
The first chapter of the book dwells on this by drawing an example from a zoo to describe the nested hierarchy of living things (Shubin, 2009). The author uses the example of the common limb ancestry of all land animals characterized by five fingers, a wrist, one major bone and two lower bones. This strengthens the author’s argument that all living things are descendants of a common ancestor. Chapter one uses a hypothesis postulating that since land animals descended from a common ancestor
Pages: 10 (2500 words), Essay
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Eating Disorders
Bulimia thus presents episodes of eating where the victim takes in more food than most individuals under similar circumstances. More, so such eating go hand in hand with lack of self control. (Sandoz et al, 2011, p.Binge-Eating disorder is the third category of eating disorders. It is characterized by binge-eating majorly associated with stress or discomfort. This type of eating disorder, adds (Sandoz et al, 2011, p. 29) occurs with particular frequency and duration distinguishing it from
Pages: 4 (1000 words), Essay
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Write an essay on industrial-scale production and purification of a heterologous protein
This paper will discuss all the aspects mentioned in depth, highlighting the factor that affect each of the steps involved in the production of heterologous proteins. After the successful production of the target protein, the last process involves rigorous purification of the protein.The initial step in the production of heterologous proteins involves understanding the properties of the protein of interest. This is critical as it determines the appropriate expression system that proves
Pages: 18 (4500 words), Essay
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Microbial communities found within the human body
Most of the microbes associated with humans appear to be not harmful at all, but rather assist in maintaining processes necessary for a healthy body. A surprising finding was that at specific sites on the body, a different set of microbes may perform the same function for different people. For example, on the tongues of two people two entirely different sets of organisms will break down sugars in the same way. This suggests that medical science may be forced to abandon the one-microbe model of
Pages: 6 (1500 words), Essay
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HIV CAUSE AIDS
Also, according to the Multicentre AIDS Cohort study, which monitored 2,713 gay and bisexual men who were HIV positive for their health, it showed that only one man had a low count of CD4 cells, but he was under a cancer therapy done to weaken his immunity. Immune deficiency is not present in those who test HIV negative despite being blood, donors, blood transfusion recipients and injected drug users. Recent Group studies of haemophiliacs show the link between HIV infection and death rate. The
Pages: 5 (1250 words), Essay
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Why Evolution should be taught in schools
Drawing a connection with the availability of fossil evidence, one debater states that evolution is a scientific fact. This is because of the numerous quantity of factual evidence that is available to support evolution. From genetics to bio – geography, genetics and palaeontology, the amount of evidence is vast. Paleontology deals with fossil evidence. Genetics deals with genes. Hence, by studying these entities, students are able to comprehend more on what they themselves are about (Debate,
Pages: 9 (2250 words), Essay
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Omic technology in the diagnosis, staging and prognosis of cancer
In the years to come, systems biology might empower us to advance new methods that will be prognostic, preventive, and personalized. There has been a research carried out in obstetrics and gynecology and at the moment its taking advantage of these opportunities. The main aim of this assessment is to offer an overview of the omic testing and technologies and their probable application to women’s health research.Genomics is defined as the systematic study of genome in an organism. The genome is
Pages: 6 (1500 words), Essay
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Haemophilia A
This is true especially in the case of X-inactivation, thus the recommendation that all recognized potential carriers of factor VIII and IX be examined. This is especially prior to cases of surgery, and in the event of bleeding, that is considered clinically significant (Bowen, 2002:6). A small percentage of 5-10% of those affected with this disorder is usually impacted because of their bodies making a version of the factor VIII protein, which is dysfunctional (qualitative deficiency).However,
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Help with home work
The disease occurs when feces gets trapped in the pouches. Fever and chills, belly pains, bloating, and nausea are the symptoms of the disease. Medications such as acetaminophen that is administred to treat the disease.It is a gastrointerstinal disorder. Changes in the functioning of the digestive system is the main cause. Diarrhea, increased gas, and abdominal swelling are the symptoms of the disease. Dietary modification is the best treatment for the disease.It is a disease that causes the
Pages: 10 (2500 words), Essay
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Differentiation in Caenorhabditis elegans
If the temperatures are increased to 20 degrees Celsius, it will take three and a half days. Now, when the temperatures are 25 degrees Celsius, it will take 2.2 days to complete the same reproductive life cycle. The egg-fertilization of C. Elegans takes place in the adult hermaphrodite that it lays for few hours. After about 40-cell stage, the eggs hatch and c. Eleganse develop through four larval stages (Kulkalmi, 2011, p. When it reaches the adult stage, it produces about 300 progeny and
Pages: 6 (1500 words), Essay
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Cell Wall Biogenesis
All the polysaccharides have their names after principal sugars for instance glucan polymer consists of glucose, xylan consists of xylose, and galactan consists of glucose. A compound name for the hemicelluloses does not mean a branched structure. Xyloglucan contain a chain of glucose residues with xylose sugars on the side chains. Glucomannan is a polymer that contains glucose and mannose.Loewus (4) says that cellulose micro fibrils are relative stiff structures that contribute to strength and
Pages: 5 (1250 words), Essay
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Propionate and expression of NRF2
Thioredoxin reductase 1 and sulfiredoxin 1 are also the genes that are targeted by the factor. The genes are the ones that are involved in the reduction and the recovery of peroxiredoxins. The genes are also important in the detoxification of the highly reactive peroxides in the body in the inclusion of hydrogen peroxide. Heme oxygenase 1 is also a target gene. The enzyme catalysis the breaking down of antioxidant and also the anti-inflammatory such as carbon monoxide and protect from a varied
Pages: 10 (2500 words), Essay
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Idea of the cell first assignment MAM
Instead, Schleiden, Schwann and the other scientists sorted to epigenesist – the belief that cells emerged anew and are influenced by the internal and external environment.They proposed that both plant and animal cells underwent the same processes and therefore, must fundamentally have generally set of characteristics. According to Schleiden, plant cells are formed by observing the following processes:Schleiden insisted that his theory must be considered as an absolute law as this laid out
Pages: 6 (1500 words), Essay
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Red Tide in Florida Keys
Toxins combine with the dust and blown to southern parts of America. Some of the chemicals used by farmers have a high concentration of beryllium-7, mercury, and radioactive lead. Dust blown by wind from Africa to South American contains a high concentration of chemicals mentioned. A chronic disease such as asthma that has been noted in Barbados population is a clear indication of health hazards of dust.A report by Alcock (2007) indicates that a species behind the Florida red tides is
Pages: 9 (2250 words), Essay
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Locally Abundant' - Sustainable Food Documentary
Organic farming promotes biodiversity since it allows the growth of more than one crop. Therefore preventing soil erosion and conserves energy (Francis, 2012). Moreover, it assists in reducing greenhouse gasses, which leads to global warming.Practicing organic farming is important since it is a humane treatment of animals especially poultry and cattle. They are fed by certified organic diet rather than depending on antibiotics to reduce diseases. They prevent diseases by ensuring the live a
Pages: 4 (1000 words), Essay
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