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Biological security Essay Example

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Biological security

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Biological security. NIMS complements the NRF by further outlining a systematic, proactive approach, which helps to guide departments in the government, private, and non-governmental sectors as they disburse emergency relief supplies and services to victims of natural disasters or terrorist attacks (FEMA).Dealing with a biological attack in the US or in any other country cannot be haphazard. The RAIN concept is a simple outline of the four steps that emergency respondents should follow in a systematic manner when dealing with biological attacks. The first step calls for the recognition of the hazard or threat. More often than not, medical personnel who deal with medical emergencies; for example, EMTs are often the first point of contact with the biological hazard.

As such, they are required to notify the CDC immediately when they identify the hazard as any of the biological agents listed in the three categories outlined by the CDC. The second step calls emergency respondents to avoid the hazard, injury or contamination. This necessitates the use of protective garments such sterilized gloves and suits. The third step entails isolation of the hazardous areas through quarantine. The CDC has special equipment used for quarantining purposes. The final step entails notification of appropriate support. It is important to note that the Public Health Services Act outlines guidelines, which dictate what authorities should be notified in the event that quarantine is needed.The Public Health Services Act is the regulatory policy that deals with issues pertaining to biological attacks in the US. Firstly, the Secretary of Health and Human Services serves as sole custodian of the Act and possesses the authority to enforce necessary regulations. The Act also gives the CDC jurisdiction in all states to deal with biological attacks. The CDC is a federal agency; therefore, state agencies have no right to interfere with its operations. The Act also provides guidelines that will facilitate inter-agency co-operation during emergency response to biological. Biological security.

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