As cultures are never homogenous, pople’s beliefs and behaviour should not be generalized. Dfferences within members of a cultural group may exist which may even be comparable to differences existing among differing cultures. Tese cultures are further subdivided through professional sub-cultures like medical, nrsing, lgal etc. .Students corresponding to such professions, prticularly medicine and nursing are subject to enculturation as they acquire the culture of the chosen profession (Helman, 2000). I medical profession, tis sub-culture incorporates the existing social divisions and prejudices, wich can interfere with healthcare and Rsearch into behavioural and social sciences incorporates a broad aspect of health relevant areas.
Sch research plays a crucial role in highlighting the important health issues in our society. Wth the development of such studies, te importance of research findings in understanding, teating and preventing health problems has been considered crucial. Te behaviour and social science sectors have begun to be increasingly sought by governmental agencies to advice on policy formations, wth regard to health issues. Te National Research Council’s Division of Behavioural and Social Sciences and Education (DBASSE) over three hundred publications in the last ten years, wich are directly or indirectly related to health concerns.
Tese include children, eucation, fmily, eployment and training. A the individual level, tese studies provide knowledge and understanding of health issues like drug, oesity, acohol abuse, volent behaviour, soking, sress management, ilness coping and health decision making. Sch knowledge helps in promoting good health attitudes like well-being, dstributing healthcare across geographical, sciological and economical boundaries, ue and misuse of healthcare institutions and monitoring health provider’s behaviour. Te behavioural and social knowledge help in transferring belief through generations, aalyse economics involved in alternate healthcare systems and track social and psychological effects on treatment and recovery (NRC, 2005).
I has now been widely acknowledged that certain diseases like heart and lung disease, tberculosis, mlaria etc. ,hitherto considered a realm of biomedical research, cnnot be fully understood and treated without support of behaviour and social. ..
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