Prior to the Arab Spring in Egypt, the regime of Hosni Mubarak was one that had lasted for nearly 30 years. Accordingly, the power structure within Egypt at the time that the Arab Spring took place was one in which one individual and his security forces directed nearly every action that the state took. Such an undemocratic process had defined Egyptian politics long before even Mubarak had come to power, however. As a result of the corruption and the knowledge that Mubarak was likely to hand his power to son, thereby creating a type of dynasty, the unease and dissatisfaction among those living in Egypt reached a boiling point and instigated what has become to be known as the Arab Spring.
This brief analysis essay will compare some of the positive and negative effects that this Arab Spring has had on Egypt as well as to discuss some of the key changes that have taken place as a result. Firstly, it is this author’ s strong belief that the Arab Spring in Egypt has created a fundamentally good thing.
before no level of democratic process typified the way in which the government ruled the people, as a result of the Arab Spring in Egypt, elections have been held, a president has been selected, a constitution drafted, and a representative parliament has been formed. As opposed to before where Mubarak’ s dictatorship was a seemingly endless definition of the future of the nation, the people of Egypt are now able to take part in their own right to self-determination, sovereignty, and the democratic process (el Faki 1). In this way, effect of the Arab Spring has been profound in helping a nation to modernize and realize a long-held wish that democracy would come to its inhabitants.
The cons to such a process, of course, involve the painful transition to democracy. It is not the argument of this author that such a transition is without its drawbacks. Whereas Egypt has been controlled by one form of absolute monarch or dictator for the better part of the past several hundred years, providing a smooth and painless segue into a democracy would all but impossible.
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