Fatigue is an important human factor that should be considered by the airline industry since it interferes with making sound decisions that are critical to flight safety. (3) According to the The National Transportation Safety Board, the main purpose of accident investigation is to make a report “ as accurately and expeditiously as possible what caused the accident so that the necessary steps can be taken to guard against a similar occurrence” ( April 25, 1980). I believe it is still NTSB’ s duty to make an investigation since it is independent body and would not be subject to influence or pressure from other government agency such as FAA.
Only those organizations or corporations that can provide expertise to the investigation are granted party status and only those persons who can provide the Board with needed technical or specialized expertise are permitted to serve on the investigation; persons in legal or litigation positions are not allowed to be assigned to the investigation. All party members report to the NTSB. Division of labor brings specialization. Also, different groups can come up a more analytical observation from different perspectives.
At least, the party system ensures that each sector is represented and the incident is viewed as a whole. Some non-safety data such as Inspection data can be collected depending upon the collaboration between FAA and the carrier. Having inspection data is a proactive move to prevent accidents rather than incident data which is produced as a consequence of an accident. Although these data don’ t seem critical, it can be used in accident investigation using Reason’ s Model. These non-safety data can be in identifying latent failures.
The article chosen was from aviation safety magazine. The title of the article is “ Why Can’ t We Land? ” , published in 2002. The article was written with the main objective of informing a layman reader about problems encountered by pilots during landing.
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