[i]n its strictest sense, it refers to the period from 1960 to 1966, when the principal reforms of Jean Lesage’s Liberal government were implemented. At this time, most of the education, health, and social responsibilities previously held by the Catholic Church were transferred to the government” (164-165). In 1965, the Caisse de depot et placement du Quebec was created. This was an offshoot of the quiet revolution. The Caisse de depot et placement du Quebec was created to help fund public projects in Quebec and provide a place for the people of Quebec to be able to borrow and invest. “On October 28, 1980, the Federal Government introduced its National Energy Program (NEP)” (Fraser Institute xi). According to the Fraser Institute, Canadians in the early 1980’s were heavy users of energy, due to both lifestyle choices, and due to being positioned in a cold climate (4-5). The National Energy Program shipped oil to the eastern part of Canada, where most of Canada’s industry lies, from the western parts of Canada. This also happened to be during the time of worldwide high gas prices because of the OPEC cartels in the Middle East. The NEP caused oil prices to be low so it could become more affordable to eastern Canada. This was at the expense of the western provinces, especially Alberta. . North American Free Trade Agreement.
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Hoebing, Joyce et al. Ed. NAFTA and Sovereignty: Trade-offs for Canada, Mexico, and the United States. Washington DC: The Center For Strategic and International Studies 1996.
"John Maynard Keynes." The Concise Encyclopedia of Economics. 2008. Library of Economics and Liberty. 14 December 2009. <http://www.econlib.org/library/Enc/bios/Keynes.html>.
Maclure, Jocelyn. Quebec Identity: The Challenge of Pluralism. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press 2003.
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