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Observational Learning Essay Example

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Observational Learning

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Observational Learning. The fact that the children increased or decreased their level of aggression based on whether the aggression was rewarded or not also was very interesting. This experiment brings in to light many important issues of what children view when they are young and the levels of violence they should be exposed to on television and in video games. In this experiment, the process of observational learning evoked memories and knowledge was acquired about what the Bobo was supposedly there for by observing the actions of the adult model. This led to the children attempting to follow the adult model’s actions exactly, rather like in the case of some learning to operate a machine for the first time( Daniel et al, 2009).

Bandura’s idea that ‘one must pay attention to the behavior, be able to hold on to the observation of the behavior, possess motor skills to carry out the task at hand and also have the motivation to do so’ (Daniel et al, 2009) is a spot on representation of what is happening. As there was only one adult model, the children’s attention was focused on the model. Because of the novel behavior shown by the model, the children most certainly did pay attention. The participants chosen for the study all had the motor skills required for the task at hand and the fact that they were given a child size Bobo to play with was indeed motivation to simulate the behavior they had just witnessed.There does appear to have been a neural factor involved, specifically the recently discovered mirror neurons that are present in the frontal lobe and the paritel lobe. Mirror neurons are active not just in the organism performing a certain task, but surprisingly also in an organism who is observing a certain task being performed. Mirror neurons seem to be highly activated when watching another person performing an action that appears to have a purpose. This in turn allows for an understanding of the other person’s intentions and the observer has learnt something about the person’s goals (Daniel et al, 2009). The discovery of mirror neurons probably contributes to understanding the behavior demonstrated by the children in the Bobo doll experiment. Mirror neurons were likely activated when the children witnessed the adult model play with the Bobo and the children inferred that this is what was expected of them in the presence of a Bobo. When they were. Observational Learning.

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References

Daniel, L.C.; Daniel, T.G.& Daniel M.W. (2009), Psychology. Place Published. Publisher’s name.
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