Facebook Pixel Code
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

The Cost of Inward Labour Migration to the United Kingdom Essay Example

Show related essays

The Cost of Inward Labour Migration to the United Kingdom

This is a preview of the 8-page document
Read full text

The Cost of Inward Labour Migration to the United Kingdom. The present research has identified that advocates of immigration, argue that it is justified to encourage immigration in order to boost the labor market, which is continually crippled by the rising number of aging population, and shortages of skilled workforce in some sectors of the labor market. However, Migration Watch UK, which is a pressure group against immigration, stated that inward labor migration comes with its adjoining cost to the UK that includes decreased wages and salaries for local workers because of abundant labor supply. This is to say that, with an increase in inward labor migration, the UK labor market is likely to witness an increase in labor supply, which according to the general theories of economics will lead to a decrease in demand.

With decreased demand for labor, economic theories also stipulate there will be a decrease in cost of labor since employers can cheaply acquire labor, which is abundant in supply. Another potential cost for inward labor migration to the UK is increased cases of unemployment that can occur when immigrants have skills that are irrelevant to the market demands. This is mainly attributed to the fact that immigrants undergo a different learning syllabus that does not reflect the demands of the labor market in the UK. Secondly, there is a scenario whereby personnel that is more qualified may migrate into the UK thus limiting the chances of less qualified British nationals from getting employment. This will also equally lead to an increase in unemployment levels within the country. Thirdly, Dustmann stated that an additional increase in the number of inward labor migration to the UK definitely increases pressure on the welfare of workers, which include health, housing, and benefits. The increased pressure on welfare necessitates an increase in taxes to finance government expenditure on additional infrastructures required to support the growing demand. Summarily, it can be stated that inward labor migration to the UK leads to an increase in taxes, which lowers disposable income of domestic workers and even lowers their living standards. The Cost of Inward Labour Migration to the United Kingdom.

This is a preview of the 8-page document
Open full text


Barrell, R., Guillemineau, C. and Liadze, I. (2006). Migration in Europe, National Institute Economic review, 198, 36-39.

Card, D. (1990) The impact of the Mariel boatlift on the Miami labour market, Industrial and Labour Relations Review, 43, 245-57.

Champion, A., Coombes, M., Raybould, S. and Wymer, C. (2007), Migration and socioeconomic change: a 2001 Census analysis of Britain’s larger cities, New York: The Policy Press.

Dench, S., Hurstfield, J., Hill, D. and Akroyd, K. (2006), Employers’ Use of Migrant Labour: main report, Home Office Online Report 04/06; Retrieved from:

http://www.homeoffice.gov.uk/rds/pdfs06/rdsolr0406.pdf Accessed on [5.12.2012]

Dustmann, C. Fabbri, F. and Preston, I. (2005), ‘The Impact of Immigration on the UK Labour Market’, Economic Journal, Vol. 115, pp F324-F341.

Erber, J. (2011). International Economics. (5th Edition). Pearson

Godley, A. (2001), Jewish Immigrant Entrepreneurship in New York and London, 1880-1914: Enterprise and Culture, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Greenaway, D. and Nelson, D. (2000) The assessment: Globalization and labour-market adjustment, Oxford Review of Economic Policy, 16, 1-11.

Hatton, T. and Tani, M. (2005), ‘Immigration and Inter-Regional Mobility in the UK, 1982-2000’, Economic Journal, Vol. 115, F342-F358.

Institute for Public Policy Research (2004) Labour Migration to the UK, London: Institute for Public Policy Research.

Kirby, S. and Riley, R. (2006) Net migration and the macro economy: Inflation and output effects, National Institute Economic Review, 195, 60-2.

Longhi, S., Nijkamp, P. and Poot, J. (2005), ‘A Meta-Analytic Assessment of the Effect of Immigration on Wages’, Journal of Economic Surveys, Vol. 19, No. 3, pp. 451-477,.

Longhi, S., Nijkamp, P. and Poot, J. (2006), The impact of immigration on the employment of natives in regional labour markets: a meta-analysis’, Institute for the Study of Labor Discussion Paper 2044, Berlin: IZA.

Manacorda, M., Manning, A. and Wadsworth, J. (2006), ‘The Impact of Immigration on the Structure of Male Wages: Theory and Evidence from Britain’, Centre for Economic Performance Discussion Paper No 754, London School of Economics.

Markova, E. and Black, R. (2007), East European Immigration and Community Cohesion. NewYork, Joseph Rowntree Foundation.

May, J., Wills, J., Datta, K., Evans, Y., Herbert, J. and McIlwaine, C. (2007), Keeping London Working: Global Cities, The British State, And London’s New Migrant Division of Labour, Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers.

Meadows, P. (2006), Worklessness in London: Explaining the difference between London and the UK, GLA, Working Paper 15. Retrieved from: http://www.london.gov.uk/mayor/economic_unit/docs/wp15_worklessness_in

_london. Accessed [6.12.2012]

McKinsey Global Institute (2005), ‘Sizing the Emerging Global Labor Market’, McKinsey Quarterly,

MigrationWatch UK (2007), How immigration is measured, Briefing Paper 9.1 (revised), MWUK http://www.migrationwatch.co.uk/pdfs/MigrationTrends/9_1_Measuring_immigration. Accessed [5.12.2012]

Mundell, R. (1957) International trade and factor mobility, American Economic Review, 47, 321-35.

Office for National Statistics (2012). International Migration, MN series.

Pollard, N, Lattore, M and Dhananjayan, S. (2008) Floodgates or Turnstiles? Post EU enlargement migration flows to (and from) the UK. London: Institute of Public Policy Research.

Pugel, T.A. (2012) International Economics. (15th Edition). McGraw-Hill.

Riley, R. and Weale, M. (2006) Commentary: Immigration and its effects, National Institute Economic Review, 198, 4-9.

Salvatore, D. (2012) Introduction to International Economics. (3rd Edition). Wiley.

Close ✕
Tracy Smith Editor&Proofreader
Expert in: Business, Macro & Microeconomics, Management
Hire an Editor
Matt Hamilton Writer
Expert in: Business, Human Resources, Marketing
Hire a Writer
preview essay on The Cost of Inward Labour Migration to the United Kingdom
  • Pages: 8 (2000 words)
  • Document Type: Essay
  • Subject: Business
  • Level: Undergraduate
WE CAN HELP TO FIND AN ESSAYDidn't find an essay?

Please type your essay title, choose your document type, enter your email and we send you essay samples

Contact Us