More than 2 million works of art are kept in the museum, spanning 5,000 years of culture from different parts of the world and from different historical periods.2 The aim and thrust of the museum is to educate the public and cultivate a high standard of artistic taste. The museum does not merely aim to establish a great collection of art objects, but to pursue and develop the study of the fine arts. The inspiring thought it carries is “Art for humanity’s sake.”3 The New York City owns and maintains the building in which the collection of the museum is housed.The major collections of the museum are the American decorative arts which range from the late 17th to the early 20th century; American paintings and sculptures such as California, an allegorical sculpture by Hiram Powers acquired in 1870; Ancient Near Eastern Art which represents the Neolithic period and the end of Late Antiquity; Arts of Africa, Oceania, and Americas; Asian Art which is considered the most comprehensive in the West; Egyptian Art uncovered through the museum’s own archaeological explorations; and European paintings numbering around 2,200 pieces such as the works of Vermeer, Van Gogh, and Rembrandt. European sculpture and decorative arts are also found in the museum, as well as Greek and Roman Art and Islamic Art.Nok Terracotta is one of the excavated artworks housed at the Metropolitan Museum of Art. These terracottas were excavated in the tin mining in the vicinity of the village of Nok in Nigeria in 1943 and currently occupy an important space in the history of African art.6 They are witnesses to an undiscovered tradition that have preceded terracotta arts.Fired clay from local clay and gravels are the medium used for these artworks and there are no records of specific artists for these arts but African tribes themselves who undertook the pieces of works. Every Nok head is unique and throughout the body of the work and has stylistic designs. Bold, abstracted features characterize the male and female figures, with their triangular eyes, pierced pupils, noses, ears, and mouths.8 The designs are embodiments of cultivated devotion to body ornamentation by the very artists who made them. Some figures depict suffering from certain ailments and are pictured as diseased.The Nok Terracottas are selected in this paper for a specific artwork found at the metropolitan Museum of Art since it has captivated me with its
Eckenstein, Lina. The Purpose and Value of Ancient Egyptian Art (The Burlington Magazine for Connoisseurs. The Burlington Magazine Publications, Ltd., December 1905)Vol. 8, No. 33, pp. 164-172.
Tyldesley, Joyce. Who Was Khufu? . Dig 8.7, MasterFILE Premier September 2008.
Metropolitan Museum of Art. http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761560817/metropolitan_museum_of_art.html
Metropolitan Museum of Art: Its Aim and History. http://www.oldandsold.com/articles20/met-museum-1.shtml
Mona Lisa .http://www.louvre.fr/llv/dossiers/detail_oal.jsp?CONTENT%3C%3Ecnt_id=10134198673229908&CURRENT_LLV_OAL%3C%3Ecnt_id=10134198673229908&bmLocale=en
National Palace Museum . http://tourguide.sinotour.com/scenery151.html
Nok Terracottas (500 b. c. – 200 a. d.). http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/nok/hd_nok2.htm
Salima, Ikram and Kamrin, Janice.. The Sole Survivor. (MasterFILE Premier. 24.10 (July 2008): 8-13.) EBSCO.
Tyldesley, Joyce. Who Was Khufu? (dig 8.7, MasterFILE Premier September 2008), p. 8-9 (MasterFILE Premier. 8.7 (September 2008): 8-13.) EBSCO.
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