In maintaining the importance of state and politics in human life, Aristotle severely criticizes the arguments of his master, Plato.Another major aspect of the discussions carried out in Aristotle’s Politics is concerning the qualities of a ruler and the best form of government. It may be noted that Aristotle introduces six kinds of constitution, among which three are just and three unjust. Significantly, Aristotle gives an obvious explanation about who should rule the city. Kilcullen (1996) explains, the discussion on who should rule the city is a continuation of the discussion on the purpose of the state, but it does not reach any specific conclusions. However, it is obvious that “Aristotle seems to favor the Platonic view that power should be held by the virtuous. ‘Nor does a state exist for the sake of. security’ (1280 a35 -- cf. b27, b32): Aristotle here rejects what is sometimes called the ‘night-watchman’ or ‘minimalist’ view of the state held in the 19th century by some liberals and these days by ‘libertarians’.” (Kilcullen) Aristotle also discusses about various other aspects of the ruler and the city state. However, it is important to realize that the author does not come up with any firm conclusions on these vital discussions and, in other words, these discussions are exploratory, not definitive.In conclusion, Aristotle’s Politics is one of the most influential works of political philosophy ever written in the history of human beings and it highlights the importance of state and politics in the human affairs. In other words, Aristotle is effective in establishing the relationship between human. Aristotles Politics.
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