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Archaeology See below for specific information Essay Example

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Archaeology See below for specific information

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“The corpse of the Scythian warrior could help provide clues about how people lived 2,500 years ago and about what illnesses they suffered.” (Ancient Mummy). The warrior has blond hair, is somewhere between thirty to forty years old and was discovered in an intact burial mound. His condition was remarkable. Hermann Parzinger, president of the German Archeological Institute, spoke about the condition of the find: "There could be more surprises when we remove the clothing from the partly mummified body," he added. Parzinger said researchers believe the decorations indicated he was a man of nobility.knowledge can be acquired from the mummified remains and the items left in the tombs. One important aspect of the finds can contribute to the knowledge of the material culture of the people. By examining tools, weapons, clothing and other material items left behind, certain educated assumptions can be determined. Material culture is determined by two sources. The first source is written history and the second is archaeological. Since the Scythians had no written language, archaeological evidence is the only first hand source of information. The writing of Herodotus describes the nomadic existence of the Scythes.Archaeological finding is limited primarily to burial mounds because of the nomadic existence of the people of the Scythe. Launching a focused research journey to the Altai Mountains with the intent of finding more such burial sites could yield an unimaginable wealth of information.According to Olena Failko, author of an article about the material culture of the Scythes for Funerary Archaeology, “We recognize Scythian material culture by the so called triad - arms, bridle and animal-style works of art - peculiar to that very ethnic group. What has been discovered has been a wealth ofinformation, supporting the writing of Herodotus and lending further proof of the type of society developed in those mountains. While spears and javelins were discovered, the primary weapon appears to be the bow and arrow. “ Life and social organization of Scythians, especially early in their development, were fully determined by war. According to Herodotus, Scythia is a state where everyone is a mounted archer, that is a warrior. As well, the culture of the mounted archer is further supported by the discovery of arrowheads. “Arrowheads were found almost in every

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Works Cited

“Ancient Mummy Found in Mongolia”. Spiegel Online International. 25 August 2006 15 December 2008. <http://www.spiegel.de/international/0,1518,43 3600,00.html>

Cheremisin, D.V. “International conference on Scythian Archaeology and the Archaeology of the Altai Mountains, Ghent, Het Pand, December 4–6, 2006”. Archaeology, Ethnology and Anthropology of Eurasia. 31 January 2008MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica distributed exclusively by Springer Science+Business Media LLC. 11 December 2008. <http://www.springerlink.com/content/q154rl0j8p 281j22/>

Fialko, Olena . “The Society of the Living – the Community of the Dead (from Neolithic to the Christian Era)”. Proceedings of the 7th International Colloquium of Funerary Archaeology. 12 December 2008 <http://arheologie.ulbsibiu.ro/publi catii/bibliotheca/acta%20V%20special%20number/7%20fialko.htm>

Fisher, William Bayne, et al. The Cambridge History of Iran. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1985.

Turner, Mary Lynn E. “A Culture on the Hoof: Kurgan Woman of the Pazryrk”

University of Missouri. 11 December 2008. <http://www.geocities.com /mary_lynn_e_turner/Pazyryk-Kurgan-Woman-Research-Paper.htm>


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