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Mainstream Language Teaching Methods Essay Example

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Mainstream Language Teaching Methods

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Mainstream Language Teaching Methods. Perhaps the most insightful portion of the corrective process is how the National Association for Bilingual Education (NABE) urges teachers to adopt an approach that incorporates the positive aspects of the learner’s home language because “when teachers…believe in the important role of primary language in literacy learning, English-language learners show higher levels of academic achievement (Helman 152).” Ultimately, the argument is that the correction of student mistakes should be understood in terms of the structure of their home language, as this is the predominant difficulty that language learners face when engaging in the language learning process.In discussing contemporary research into the correction of errors within the communicative competence spectrum, it’s necessary to formulate a working terminology of the theory.

In Fundamental Considerations of Language Testing, Bachman offers an extremely dichotomous definition of communicative competence. In large part, Bachman is making the case that separate components of language exist that can’t be measured in objective, starkly grammatical terms. That while Organizational Competence, or “those abilities involved in producing…grammatically correct sentences” is a major component of language, communicative competence functions to illuminate the necessity of teaching, “…language users and the context of communication” – that is, pragmatic concerns (Bachman 87). The issue becomes particularly muddied when discussing Strategic Competence, as some researchers identify this aspect of communication as compensatory to the Linguistic and Pragmatic elements. It seems that Bachman differs from past research here in that he includes Strategic Competence in as vital a position of communication as the Pragmatic and Organizational Components.The correction of errors within the communicative competence spectrum is best understood within the actual process of learning. One example situates a second language learner reading a foreign textbook and encountering difficulty, not because of its grammatical or vocabulary elements, but because of the textual positioning of sentences. Communicative competence theory argues that this difficulty occurs because there are rhetorical elements that function in-addition to the lexical structure of the text; therefore, teachers must take into account these extra-linguistic elements into account when correcting errors. While it’s. Mainstream Language Teaching Methods.

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References

Bachman, Lyle F. (1990), Fundamental Considerations in Language Testing. London: Oxford

University Press.

Faerch, C., Haastryg, K. and Phillipson, R Learners Language and Language Learning.

Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.

Helman, Lori A. (2004). Building of the Sound System of Spanish: Insights from the Alphabetic

Spellings of English-Language Learners.

Richards, Jack C. and Therdore S. Rodgers (2001), Approaches and Methods in Language

Teaching, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Chomsky, Noam (1969). Syntactic Structures. Boston: MIT Press.

Zimmerman, Cheryl. (2008). Word Knowledge. London: Oxford University Press.

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