CMA believes that disease is beyond the scope of the anthropologist. I is a social issue as much as it is biological. Oganic, cimatic and geographic conditions as well as productive activities, rsources and reproduction change the features of the illness in significant ways from one nation to another (Singer, 2004, p26). CA believes that illness is not just due to a pathogen. eperiential conditions must be eliminated. Mlnutrition, eonomic insufficiency, rsks of jobs, pllution, por housing and absence of political leanings or clout make one susceptible to Snger and Johnsen, 1986).
CA in short considers microparasitism (the pathogens, mlfunctions and behaviours) as important as macroparasitism (social exploitations). Cnventional medical anthropology sees an illness superficially while CMA notices the social and other aspects of why an illness occurred and even how it could have been prevented. Te concept of syndemics was introduced by CMA in the 1990s. I is the ‘big picture’ approach to illness which include factors like biology, eidemiology, uderstanding the illness in the sufferer’s eyes and the community view, ad the social, plitical and contributing to it (Singer, 1996).
Te conventional medical anthropology tends to isolate, sudy and treat illnesses. Te CMA on the other hand tries to understand the social and biological aspects as they stand within the inequalities of society. Sndemic is a term now used by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention and implies two or more epidemics which interact within the human bodies and contribute excessively to disease or the consequences of health from two coinciding illnesses (Singer, 2004, p27). HV can co-exist with Mycobacterium tuberculosis worsening pathology accelerating the progression of illness.
Lving in shelters, pisons, dmestic violence, plitical violence, rcial discrimination and living in poverty are some of the social conditions emphasized as pathology (Farmer, 1999). Te immune system of these patients would be in a compromised state. Sme researchers have assessed the social factors being of greater importance than the pathogens themselves. Te challenge is greater but tackling the disease with this broad perspective could produce better results. Sfferer experience is also different in CMA. Tis is how an ill person has illness or manifested.
Te concept of ‘mindful. ..
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