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Answers on history (Liberalism, State Sovereignty, Marxism, The Cold War) Essay Example

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Answers on history (Liberalism, State Sovereignty, Marxism, The Cold War)

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Answers on history (Liberalism, State Sovereignty, Marxism, The Cold War). Perestroika and Glasnost, the two revolutionary policies adopted by Gorbachev though resulted in the splitting up Union of Soviet Republic, it contributed immensely to the new thinking. Gorbachevs foreign policy, which he called "new thinking", also contributed to the Cold Wars end. In his opinion security was a game from which all could benefit through co-operation. Rather than try to build as many nuclear weapons as possible, he proclaimed a doctrine of "sufficiency", holding only a minimal number of weapons for protection. Earlier the intense cold war between these two countries overlooked all the other social and political matters in order to establish their own superiority in each and every filed.

The interference of U. in Iraq and Afghanistan raise concerns even though the U. has its own reasons for that. Lot of political analyst thinks that the destruction of Soviet Union has contributed for the above situation.Because of the new thinking the Russian people are now enjoying more freedom in every aspects of their life. The arms race has been ended. Not only had the Russian people, the international community also benefited from the new thinking. Earlier the polarisation towards a superpower was the only way for other weak countries for survival. Now such habits are considerably reduced and each country was concentrating more on their social and economical growth through the benefits of liberalization and globalization. At the same time the monopoly of America is more and more evident in international affairs now and they are exploiting the situation well.Collective security is a type of coalition building strategy in which a group of nations agree not to attack each other. They also agree to defend each other against an attack from one of the others, if such an attack is made.  They work on the principle that "an attack against one is an attack against all." It differs from "collective defence" which is a coalition of nations which agree to defend its own group against outside attacks.  Thus NATO and the Warsaw Pact were examples of collective defence, while the UN is an attempt at collective security. Collective security in other words, is another way to maintain peace. Collective security is a much more effective approach to security than individual countries trying to act alone, as weaker countries cannot possibly defend themselves, and countries that try often become involved in. Answers on history (Liberalism, State Sovereignty, Marxism, The Cold War).

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preview essay on Answers on history (Liberalism, State Sovereignty, Marxism, The Cold War)
  • Pages: 10 (2500 words)
  • Document Type: Essay
  • Subject: History
  • Level: Ph.D.
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