The three-year preschoolers grow to become thirty-three inches tall and weigh about thirty-two pounds by age six they reach about forty-six inches and weight of about forty-six pounds (Lerner, 2015). Brain and nervous system development among the infants is average and relatively dramatic among the preschoolers (Gray & MacBlain, 2012). The left side of the brain develops fully from ages two through six, and the right hemisphere develops fully in ages 7 to 11. Gross motor skills include hopping, jumping, running, skipping, turning, and involve the use of large bodily movements. The fine motor skills include writing, drafting, tying and require the use of small physical movements. The theory of observational learning of Alfred Bandura applies to learning fine and gross motor. Bandura states that after children are biologically able in learning new behaviors they must do the following to develop new skills. Observe behavior in others, practice mental a mental image of the behavior, practice the behavior and be motivated to repeat the behavior.Social development allows infants and children to develop relationships, master the ability to discover, initiate, learn, and play, develop persistence and attention and self-regulate their behavior. Erik Erikson’s psychological theory for 1-3-year-olds depicts that autonomy can be bestowed by encouraging free choice and not forcing a child. The social skills entail a child’s ability to play with others, pay attention to teachers and adults, and make reasonable transitions from one activity to the other (White, Livesy & Hayes, 2012). When a baby is loved and nurtured, he will develop security, trust, and fundamental optimism. Developmental Psychology in Infant and Preschooler.
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