Others argue that the central part of indigenous mathematics is based upon two simple questions: Hw much and how many? I is a convincing argument that long before our early ancestors had need to count their cattle or sheep, teir unsophisticatedly organized social systems had simple rituals based on priority and rank. Aso, acording to Breasted (1988), i is evident that some socialized animals of diverse groups such as the red deer and baboon have some elementary sense of order of precedence, rferred to as dominance hierarchy. A time on, mre advanced calculation techniques were required to handle the increasing needs for counting and assigning numbers to sets of objects.
Sholars have posited two possibilities for the origin of counting. Oe is that counting was invented just once and it spread across the globe from that source (Graham, 2012). Te other is that counting arose spontaneously through the world more or less on its own from tribe to tribe and place to place. Te first view is based upon a noteworthy number of similarities of number systems across globe.
Fr instance, tat even numbers are female and odd numbers are male seems to be virtually a global thing, athough modern times do not recognize this distinction. Mmford’s (1998) anthropological studies further suggest that counting was in many cases the core feature of a rite and those who participated in a ritual event were numbered. Tis unique and single origination of mathematics was also enhanced by the fact that at that time the human mind was fairly uniform and ready for it. Cunting, odering and tallying seemed to served one and the same purpose regardless of the region.
O the other hand, tese are almost the same purposes for which counting is basically done today, gving credence to the second notion that all uses were invented early on and this has just not changed over millions of years (Peat, 2006). Te Mayan calendar is one example of counting in ancient civilization. Te polyhedrals also featured a lot in Mayan art. Te ancient Mayan and Egyptian temples are both wonderful examples of polyhedrical structures that incorporated complex mathematics ancient architecture.
Acording to archeologists, te buildings from Mayan Architecture form fractal-like complex patterns of clusters. Tere is also an aspect of complex mathematical patterns in Islamic art. Snce they are prevented by their religion from...
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