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Realism, Liberalism, Constructivism and Marxism and their views on the International System and International Conflict Essay Example

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Realism, Liberalism, Constructivism and Marxism and their views on the International System and International Conflict

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Realism, Liberalism, Constructivism and Marxism and their views on the International System and International Conflict. People are not individualistic, they drive a great sense of belonging and comfort from their groups and social identities. The other element of conservative social and political philosophy is a belief in the inevitable social conflict. People and groups will always find themselves in conflict with others. This is because group or collective egoism is one of the irrational sources of conflict. For example, when people and groups believe that they are not merely different but also better than others; this becomes a recipe for conflict (Shimko 41). However, realism also argues that it is possible to create a social, economic, and political order that benefits every person and every group. In the society, there are people and groups that benefit from the existing status quo while there are others that benefit from changing the status quo, and they’ll always conflict with the ones with the existing order.

All in all, realists are of the view that the only way to solve the problem of conflict by the international communities is by creation of a world government. However, realists have focused on other ways of reducing international conflict since creation of a world government is technically impossible. They have focused on more modest solutions such as balance of power. When nations find themselves in a conflict, realists have argued that the chances of the wars to lessen are only if the parties in conflicts have relatively equal powers. This is so because nations are likely to anticipate wars because they expect to win, not to lose. On the same note, nations are likely to anticipate victory when they are more powerful than their opponents. Thus, when the two sides are equal, neither of the sides will be confident of victory, so neither is likely to initiate war (Shimko 42).According to Kaarbo and Lee Ray 15, Liberalism is a social and political philosophy that began to flourish as Europe emerged from the medieval world that existed from the fall of Roman Empire. Liberalism is a conception of man as desiring freedom and capable of exercising rational free choice (Kaarbo and Lee Ray 16). It is also a perspective of social institutions as open to rational reconstruction in the light of individual needs. Lastly, it is a view of history as progressively perfectible through the continuous application of human reason to social institutions. Liberalism views people as essentially rational, ethical, and moral creatures capable. Realism, Liberalism, Constructivism and Marxism and their views on the International System and International Conflict.

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Works cited

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Anieri, Paul. International politics: power and purpose in global affairs. Boston, MA: Wadsworth Cengage Learning, 2012.

DAnieri, Paul. International politics: power and purpose in global affairs. Boston, MA: Wadsworth Cengage Learning, 2012.

Kaarbo, Juliet and Lee Ray James. Global politics. Boston, MA: Cengage Learning, 2010. Shimko, Keith. International relations: perspectives and controversies. [Belmont, CA]: Wadsworth/Cengage, cop. 2009.

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