Consumer Cooperatives and the Tribal Areas Development program was added in 1973 and a new department created known as Department of Agricultural Research and Education. The agricultural cooperatives help to implement national policies and programs. They thereby assist in achieving rapid agricultural growth through the optimum utilization of the country’ s land, water, and other resources. Through the cooperatives, the farmers get timely input and services of fertilizers, seeds, pesticides, and implements. Besides, they also assist in rural credit for the farmers. To integrate the development of the dairy sector, Dairy Development Board (NDDB) was set up while MAHAGRAPES is a cooperative of the grape farmers in the state of Maharashtra in India, which was set up in 1991 to explore new markets outside the country.
This helped to eliminate the middlemen from the marketing process and encouraged agricultural export. The grape growers in the four districts of the state have formed 16 cooperatives and have nearly 2000 farmer members each of whom is a partner in MAHAGRAPES (Sharma, Ishige, Maeda & Sanada, 2004). The prominent cooperatives include Cotton of India Limited (CCI), the Jute Corporation of India Ltd.
(JCI), the National Cooperative Development Corporation Ltd. (NCDC), the National Agricultural Cooperative Marketing Federation Ltd. (NAFED), the National Tobacco Growers Federation Ltd. (NTGF), the Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation Ltd. (TRIFED), the National Consumers Cooperative Federation Ltd. (NCCF), etc for procurement and distribution of commodities; and the Tea Board, Coffee Board, Coir Board, Rubber Board, Tobacco Board, Spices Board, Coconut Board, Central Silk Board, the National Dairy Development Board (NDDB), National Horticulture Board (NHB), State Trading Corporation (STC), Agricultural Processed Foods Export Development Authority (APEDA), Marine Products Export Development Authority (MPEDA), the Indian Silk Export Promotion Council, the Cashew nuts Export Promotion Council of India (CEPC), etc.
for promotion of production and exports of specific commodities (AMR, n.d. ).
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