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Agriculture Cooperatives in India Essay Example

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Agriculture Cooperatives in India

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It was in 1958 that department of agriculture formed a Department of Cooperation under the Ministry of Community Development. In 1966, the Ministry of Community Development and Cooperation was merged with the Ministry of Food and Agriculture, which then came to be known as Ministry of Food, Agriculture, Community Development and Cooperation (Agricoop, 2007). In 1971, this was again renamed as Ministry of Agriculture with four departments – department of agriculture, department of food, department of community development and department of co-operation. Consumer Cooperatives and the Tribal Areas Development program was added in 1973 and a new department created known as Department of Agricultural Research and Education. The agricultural cooperatives help to implement the national policies and programs. They thereby assist in achieving rapid agricultural growth thru optimum utilization of the country’s land, water and other resources. Through the cooperatives, the farmers get timely input and services of fertilizers, seeds, pesticides and implements. Besides, they also assist in rural credit for the farmers.To integrate the development of the dairy sector, National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) was set up while MAHAGRAPES is a cooperative of the grape farmers in the state of Maharashtra in India, which was set up in 1991 to explore new markets outside the country. This helped to eliminate the middlemen from the marketing process and encouraged agricultural export. The grape growers in the four districts of the state have formed 16 cooperatives and have nearly 2000 farmer members each of whom is a partner in MAHAGRAPES (Sharma, Ishige, Maeda & Sanada, 2004).The prominent cooperatives include Cotton Corporation of India Limited (CCI), the Jute Corporation of India Ltd. (JCI), the National Cooperative Development Corporation Ltd. (NCDC), the National Agricultural Cooperative Marketing Federation Ltd. (NAFED), the National Tobacco Growers Federation Ltd. (NTGF), the Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation Ltd. (TRIFED), the National Consumers Cooperative Federation Ltd. (NCCF), etc for procurement and distribution of commodities; and the Tea Board, Coffee Board, Coir Board, Rubber Board, Tobacco Board, Spices Board, Coconut Board, Central Silk Board, the National Dairy Development Board (NDDB), National Horticulture Board (NHB), State Trading Corporation (STC),

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References

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Agricoop (2007), Department of Agriculture & Cooperation, <http://www.agricoop.nic.in/> 20 Dec 2007

AMR (n.d.), MARKETING INFRASTRUCTURE & AGRICULTURAL MARKETING REFORMS, <http://agmarknet.nic.in/amrscheme/markreform1.htm> 22 Dec 2007

Prakash, D., (n.d.), Capacity Building of Agricultural Cooperatives To Meet the Market and Human Resources Development Demands, <http://www.uwcc.wisc.edu/info/intl/daman_cbac.pdf> 23 Dec 2007

Ramesha, K.,(2003), Cooperative Banking and Financial Sector Reforms in India,

<http://web.uvic.ca/bcics/pdf/mapconf/ramesha.pdf> 22 Dec 2007

NAFED (2007), Nafed, < http://www.nafed-india.com/home.asp> 20 Dec 2007

NCDC (n.d.), Genesis and Functions, < http://ncdc.in/index_files/GenesisAndFunctions.htm> 02 Jan 2008

NIC (2005), Agricultural Marketing, <http://india.gov.in/sectors/agriculture/agri_marketing.php> 22 Dec 2007

Sharma, R., Ishige, K., Maeda, K., & Sanada, M., (2004), Strengthening Agricultural Support Services for Small Farmers,

<http://www.apo-tokyo.org/projreps_acd/01_SEM-28-01/02Resource_SEM-28-01.pdf> 21 Dec 2007

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preview essay on Agriculture Cooperatives in India
  • Pages: 8 (2000 words)
  • Document Type: Research Proposal
  • Subject: Unsorted
  • Level: Undergraduate
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