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Agriculture in Africa

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Nearly 60% of the total cultivated land has been occupied by the traditional rain-fed (Omer, 5). This sector is however characterized by low productivity. This is attributed to the poor farming techniques practiced. Cotton has been the main agricultural export commodity, although its production has generally reduced. Other major cash crops include peanuts`, sugarcane, dates, mangoes, coffee, tobacco and citrus fruits. Animal rearing is another important aspect of agriculture in Sudan. Better veterinary services and higher prices for animal products have contributed to its growth. Fish production is also an important sector in the country, with an annual production of about 33000 tons (Omer, 18). In addition, the forestry subsector has been a major part of the agricultural sector in the country. This sector has been the major producer of timber and helped grow the sawmilling industry. Nearly one third of land in Sudan is suitable for agriculture, and this is boosted by the presence of river Nile and other rivers which allow for irrigation. in 2001, the agricultural sector contributed close to 19% of the total exports. In order to address the agricultural deficiencies, the government has come up with a number of projects to boost the sector. For example, the Gezira Scheme, which is located between White and Blue Niles, is a major irrigation project that covers more than two million acres. Other projects include the Rahad, New Halfa and Souki (Omer, 11). Most of the agriculatra funding has been from major international bodies such as the World Bank and African Development Bank. However, most of these projects have not been completed in good time due to debt repayment problems. Furthermore, famine conditions, poor infrastructure and civil war have significantly hampered the growth of agriculture in Sudan.This country, which is the second largest on the located, is located in Central Africa with a population of more than 68 million (Smoes, 67). The country has a huge agricultural potential with close to 75 million hectares of land suitable for agriculture. Out of this, only 10 million hectares are used for agriculture. The agricultural sector employs nearly 60% of the workforce. The sector contributes less than 50% of the GDP; with most of the production stagnating and exports in decline (Smoes, 75). Cassava, rice and maize are the main crops produced in DRC. The country also engages in the production of cash
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