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Agriculture in Africa

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Nearly 60% of the total cultivated land has been occupied by the traditional rain-fed (Omer, 5. Tis sector is however characterized by low productivity. Tis is attributed to the poor farming techniques practiced. Ctton has been the main agricultural export commodity, athough its production has generally reduced. Oher major cash crops include peanuts`, sgarcane, dtes, mngoes, cffee, tbacco and citrus fruits. Animal rearing is another important aspect of agriculture in Sudan. Btter veterinary services and higher prices for animal products have contributed to its growth. Fsh production is important sector in the country, wth an annual production of about 33000 tons (Omer, 18).

I addition, te forestry subsector has been a major part of the agricultural sector in the country. Tis sector has been the major producer of timber and helped grow the sawmilling industry. Narly one third of land in Sudan is suitable for agriculture, ad this is boosted by the presence of river Nile and other rivers which allow for irrigation. i 2001, te agricultural sector contributed close to 19% of the total exports. I address the agricultural deficiencies, te government has come up with a number of projects to boost the sector.

Fr example, te Gezira Scheme, wich is located between White and Blue Niles, i a major irrigation project that covers more than two million acres. Oher projects include the Rahad, Nw Halfa and Souki (Omer, 11). Mst of the agriculatra funding has been from major international bodies such as the World Bank and African Development Bank. Hwever, mst of these projects have not been completed in good time due to repayment Frthermore, fmine conditions, por infrastructure and civil war have significantly hampered the growth of agriculture in Sudan.

Tis country, wich is the second largest on the located, i located in Central Africa with a population of more than 68 million (Smoes, 67). Te country has a huge agricultural potential with close to 75 million hectares of land suitable for agriculture. Ot of this, oly 10 million hectares are used for agriculture. Te agricultural sector employs nearly 60% of the workforce. Te sector contributes less than 50% of GDP; wth of the production stagnating and exports in decline (Smoes, 75).

Cssava, rce and maize are the main crops produced in DRC. Te country also engages in the production of cash. ..

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