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Access to Clean Water Essay Example

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Access to Clean Water

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Survey shows that for each single year, over 3.4 million people loose their lives due to water, sanitation issues, and hygiene-related reasons, while about 780 million people have no access to an improved water source at a ratio of 1: 9 people (“Water Facts: Water,” 2012). Accessibility to clean water gives any living thing ability to acquire purified safe water, for their hygiene and health consumption. There are so many sources of water; naturally like rain water, springs, wells boreholes and other large water bodies, but that does not make them clean as much as some are fresh water bodies. Much of these types of water sources can be used for all other functions, but are unsafe for any living organism health hygiene and consumption. Clean water needs treatment against any form of water pollution from the environment. The society needs clearly laid infrastructure that ensures clean and safe water, through the pipes and adequate systems of water treatment plants, delivering treated tapped water to the right destinations.Water vessels pollution. Water bodies surrounding the earth serve as a means of transport for the water vessels that transport human being and cargo across different lands. Commercial and recreational vessels discharge sewage into our water bodies, potentially damaging the water quality which in turn affects aquatic environments and extends the risks to other animals and human health (EPA 2012). Accidents also happen while moving, where the vessels capsize with their cargos that may be containing chemicals and oil substances that are absorbed directly in the water. Any consumption of such water by a living organism is taken with harmful chemicals and other absorbable metals like zinc and lead. According to the UNEP, oil products arrive on the islands by ship which the risks spilling oil along the harbors, lagoons and coastal waters in the event of accidents while unloading the oil which spills off, from storage tanks onto the surrounding (1998).Agricultural effects on water. Farming as one of the core necessity of water in production uses chemicals of different combination during planting and maintenance periods of their crops. All over the world, natural production in farming has been minimized due to the effect of many plant and animal diseases. Fertilizers, pesticides, fungal sides, pathogens, and chemicals for treating farm animals all end up on the acidic or basic soils. In cases of heavy

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