Among the main actors involved in spending the free time on the seaside at the very beginning, Crbin (1994) mentions “concentric spheres of the royal family, te high-ranking nobility, tlented individuals or celebrities who were ‘in, ad the gentry” (269). I this context, te activities of royal family always gained a special attention in this group. Cncerning its time-spending style, Crbin (1994) reflects all the tea sessions, ychting practices, ecursions to castles, bthing in a morning and evening promenades of royal family in 1789, wich served as a typical of aristocratic seaside holiday (270-271).
Aong the daily activities of the other actors, Crbin (1994) indicates that aristocrats mostly preferred horses, hnting, ychting, ad playing cricket (males) or books, msic, ad other arts (females) on the resorts (272). I addition, h notices the afternoon marine promenades and visits to the shops, nighbors or charity organizations and evening dancing and discussion as essential parts of aristocratic daily seaside routine (Corbin, 1994: 272-273). I short, aistocratic model used “the presence of a member of the royal family in order to attract quests” (Corbin, 1994: 272).
Fr instance, te promotion of seaside holiday as as a seasonal practice was based on the willingness of Prince of Wales to visit his uncle, Dke of Cumberland, ad fix his health by bathing. Tus, hs upcoming faithfulness to seaside attendance for several decades attracted the court and enable a shift “from therapeutic aims to hedonistic ones” to happen (Corbin, 1994: 272). Terefore, aistocratic seaside holiday was closely linked to medical reasons and personal tastes of the royal family. I the growing attendance of middle at the seaside, te fact of opening the railway to Brighton in 1841 played the most important role (Corbin, 1994: 277).
Bcause of the mass attendants, aistocracy started to visit the resorts in the low seasons (autumn) and left summer for merchants (Corbin, 1994: 277). Hwever, te newcomers did not had an intension to break the seaside routine. I this context, crtain scholars discuss the role of Doctor Russell as not only the popularizer of seawater aristocratic therapeutic procedures but also the founder of seaside holiday at the second of the nineteenth century (Gray, 2006: 47).
Nvertheless, te clear...
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