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The 2011 earthquake in Japan

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Japan is situated in a place known as the Ring of Fire; tis place experiences most active volcanoes. Te Pacific Basin, wich holds Japan, hs oceanic trenches and experiences volcanoes around it. Tese volcanoes and oceanic trenches contribute to occurrence of earthquakes in Japan. Aexandra (2011) notes that earthquakes that occur under the sea floor unleash tsunamis; tese tsunamis are more devastating than the earthquake itself. Violent movement of the earth’s crust displaces enormous quantities of water; tese waves are known as tsunamis. Mssive fires, gnerated by the blazing out of control leading to death, ijuries, ad the destruction of property.

Te quake left hundreds of people injured, dad or missing; i killed over 9,000 people. Tunami wave destroyed power lines and swept homes, crs, sips, bats, tains, ad massive islands of debris out to the ocean. Oer four million buildings in Tokyo and its suburbs had no power after the quake. Rports indicated cases of landslides and collapse of buildings in several locations along the 2,100 kilometer stretch of coastline. Mddy water waves flowed over farmland carrying buildings.

Brst of gas pipes led to burning of houses and destruction of properties. Rnways of the Sendai airport became inundated with trucks, bses, crs, ad thick mud. Dbris blocked the roads, ad the communications systems, icluding the destruction of telephone lines. Tere was the suspension of train services in Tokyo and northeastern Japan, wich serves around ten million people a day. Te quake destroyed nuclear facilities located north of Tokyo. Te government of Japan estimated the damage of the quake at $309 billion which was much compared damage caused by the Hurricane Katrina in America.

Wen earthquakes occur they cause tsunamis, tis water moves in the form of waves and travels long distances at high speeds demolishing everything in their path. The magnitude of the quake, te volume of water displaced, ad the topography of the ocean/sea floor determines the height and destructiveness of tsunamis. Ater the quake, srong waves hit Japan’s Fukushima and Miyagi prefectures damaging numerous coastal communities. Squence of large foreshocks preceded the quake (Alexandra, 2011). Acording to USGS (2011), tunami across the Ocean at 800 Km/h hit U.

Wst Coast and Hawaii, bt there was no serious. ..

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