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1.Outline and discuss the role and importance of differentiation and specialization in Parsons theory of the evolution of modern society

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Parsons’ evolution philosophies regarding the societal subsystem would be inclined to show specialized qualities and the associated lines of organizational differentiation between the subsystems.Parsons argues that social differentiation comes about as a result of social decomposition or emergence. The theory holds that social differentiation is a process of disintegration of a practically a weak unit such as an obligation, or an institution into multiple, and more functional units of specialization, which enhance efficiency. Parsons offers a more generalized analysis, pointing out that the conceptual, structural, and functional composition of society are made up of four main subsystems namely economy, government; communities making up a society, and fiduciary system. Each of these constructs plays a vital and specific role to sustain the functional mechanisms of production within modern society.Parsons’ analytical theory has been construed in empirical evidence from studies focused on differentiation in society and specialization of social roles and organizations. On structural lens, the disintegration concept of social differentiation emphasizes the benefits of societal specialization, especially where there are commonalities with the organizational structure. Specialization enhances performance to a great extent, because each social unit concentrates in one area of expertise. For example, if modern learning in educational facilities is separated from the domestic family life, where ancient learning processes were done, both institutions benefit in terms of operational efficiency. In this case, instructors can base their operations on basic socialization achieved by parents, and such they are able to concentrate on the secondary form of socialization. The families that have sent their children to school also gain in a similar way3.Differentiation and specialization revolves around historical development of the cultural mechanisms such as cultural traditions, which Parsons regarded as a significant component of the fiduciary. The fiduciary system arguably enhanced the normatively important source of the social subsystem interactions and variations in the historical structure of organization between cultural and social system segments. Within the domination of the cultural values, Parsons specialized on the impact of the main religions of the global society yet he also uphold the perception
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preview essay on 1.Outline and discuss the role and importance of differentiation and specialization in Parsons theory of the evolution of modern society
  • Pages: 8 (2000 words)
  • Document Type: Essay
  • Subject: Sociology
  • Level: Undergraduate
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