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14th Amendment to the United States Constitution and Civil Rights Movement Essay Example

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14th Amendment to the United States Constitution and Civil Rights Movement

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14th Amendment to the United States Constitution and Civil Rights Movement. The Civil Rights movement in America that lasted from 1954 to 1968 was based the on the 14th amendment’s equal protection clause. The objective of the Civil Rights movement was to protect and secure legal recognition of the citizenship sights provided by the Constitution of the United States. As a result of this social mobilization there were changes in the law, and the Civil Rights Act of 1964 was its final form. The civil rights offered by the 14th amendment include freedom of speech and press; it evades the civilians from involuntary servitude, and the right to the equality in public spaces (Gamble, 1997). The idea behind equal protection clauses was to prevent discrimination based on caste, creed, color, employment, gender, age and disability.

The 14th amendment plays a crucial role in the defining the regular conduct of the Americans. Apart from the apparent sections of the amendment, there are multiple businesses of life in which the 14th amendment in the constitution dictates the conduct. Take for example the family laws applied in the United States. It is directed towards the preservation of American traditions and family value(Warren, 1926). The 14th amendment under the privacy clause give the liberty to the individuals to decide their family structure, and the freedom to choose with whom they want to dwell irrespective of direct blood relations; like in case of grand children living with grandparents, the state has no power to intervene into this or other associated arrangements. Further, the right to marriage is again a personal affair, and the state cannot infringe this right of a person, irrespective of the fact that the person planning to remarry has whether fulfilled his duties associated to his or her previous relation or not. The custody of the child, visitation rights, and inheritance are also some important family issues that are dealt by the provisions of the 14th amendment under the privacy clause. Further, one the most recent changes in the America’s Federal Law were the legitimization of homosexual relationship, or the gay marriage. 14th Amendment to the United States Constitution and Civil Rights Movement.

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