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Counseling Skills in Ethical Framework Essay Example

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Counseling Skills in Ethical Framework

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Counseling Skills in Ethical Framework. Utilitarian approach illustrates that ethical behavior provides the least harm and greatest good. Increasing good, entails assisting clients overcome their life challenges and problems. Rights approach explains that ethical behavior protects the moral rights of individuals. Human beings need adequate levels of dignity, fairness and freedom in their lives. For example, clients during counseling sessions require confidentiality to be observed. This ensures enough protection of their human dignity (Cleckly, 2001). The client s and counselors must also observe privacy during counseling sessions. This is to ensure that no third party disrupts the session.Greek philosophers have championed the idea that individuals must always be treated equally;

this ensures fairness standards are observed during counseling sessions. In a counseling facility, the procedures must be followed equally, to ensure justice for all clients. Common good improves the welfare or conditions of everyone (Rich, 2001). This may be through enacting laws that favor all members of the society. a good example is enactment of laws that enhance counseling services in correctional facilities. This ensures that inmates understand the acceptable behaviors in the society. The inmates will apply the appropriate behavior after leaving the correction facility. Virtue approach illustrate that ethical behavior is in line with ideal virtues existing in the society. The virtues enable people to achieve greater character potential through honesty, love, fairness and tolerance.There are two major types of empathy in counseling; affective or emotional empathy, and cognitive empathy. Affective empathy entails the capability of responding through proper emotions to the situation of others. This is very important for counselors, as it ensures effective understanding of the problem faced by the client. Cognitive empathy entails ability to understand perspectives of others. This enables the counselor to know the thoughts and opinion of the clients (Brackett, 2005). This creates an understanding counseling environment. Affective empathy is further classified into two; empathic concern and personal distress. Empathic concern illustrates compassion to other individuals due to level of suffering. Personal distress means self centered anxiety because of suffering of other people. Counseling Skills in Ethical Framework.

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Banyard, P. (2002). Psychology in practice: Health. London, England: Hodder & Stoughton Educational.

Brackett, W. (2005). “Emotional Intelligence and Relationship Quality.” Personal Relationships.

Cleckly, H. (2001). The Mask of Sanity: an attempt to reinterpret the So-Called Psychopathic Personality. St. Louis, MO: Mosby.

Guy,C. (2014). The Ethics of Art. Valiz: Amsterdam.

Lafollette, H. (2014). Ethics in Practice: An Anthology. Oxford: Wiley Blackwell.

Rich, D. (2001). The Hare Psychopath Checklist. Toronto: Multi Health Systems.

Simon, B. (2009). "Autism: The Empathizing–Systemizing (E-S) Theory". Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences.

Taylor, S. (2000). “Health psychology.” American Psychologist.

Vendemiati, A. (2004). In the First Person, an Outline of General Ethics. Rome, Urbaniana University Press.

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