this ensures fairness standards are observed during counseling sessions. In a counseling facility, the procedures must be followed equally, to ensure justice for all clients. Common good improves the welfare or conditions of everyone (Rich, 2001). This may be through enacting laws that favor all members of the society. a good example is enactment of laws that enhance counseling services in correctional facilities. This ensures that inmates understand the acceptable behaviors in the society. The inmates will apply the appropriate behavior after leaving the correction facility. Virtue approach illustrate that ethical behavior is in line with ideal virtues existing in the society. The virtues enable people to achieve greater character potential through honesty, love, fairness and tolerance.There are two major types of empathy in counseling; affective or emotional empathy, and cognitive empathy. Affective empathy entails the capability of responding through proper emotions to the situation of others. This is very important for counselors, as it ensures effective understanding of the problem faced by the client. Cognitive empathy entails ability to understand perspectives of others. This enables the counselor to know the thoughts and opinion of the clients (Brackett, 2005). This creates an understanding counseling environment. Affective empathy is further classified into two; empathic concern and personal distress. Empathic concern illustrates compassion to other individuals due to level of suffering. Personal distress means self centered anxiety because of suffering of other people. Counseling Skills in Ethical Framework.
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