The religion that I have chosen to compare with the religion of Catholicism is Islam. Catholicism and Islam have quite some common basics, though with different perspectives. In terms of speaking about the fundamentals in Catholicism Jesus is the god while in Islam it is Allah but they are no way the same. Jesus in Islam is considered as a prophet of Allah while in Catholicism he is viewed as god himself is a member of the trinity. While the religion of Catholicism does believe in the Trinity (Father, Son, and Holy Spirit) Islam has no such concepts and believes in only one supreme authority of Allah.
Both religions do place a firm belief in the judgment day and the afterlife and both lead to the gateways of heaven or hell. The difference in terms of the beliefs of the judgment day in both the religions comes to the point that the Muslims believe that judgment day would occur at the end of the world, while those following Catholicism believe that judgment occurs immediately after death. As for the Holy Scripture, Catholicism follows the Bible while Islam is a follower of the Quran.
Another interesting fact in terms of the religion’ s scripts is that Quran exists today in exactly the same condition as at the time of its advent while for Bible was codified into the present version by a council of church fathers and elders in the early days of Christianity (Gaudet, Mills & Ali). Islam is of the view that every being is responsible for his own sins and not someone else’ s while Catholicism is of the view that all mankind is held accountable for the sins of Adam and Eve.
Catholicism states that Jesus was crucified on the cross while Islam is of the view that Jesus was neither killer nor crucified by the Jews but was in fact taken up to god. In terms of the conception of the prophets, Islam and Catholicism do not give them the same stature. Another difference that can be stated in terms of the moral code is that in Islam morality and law are not treated differently while in Catholicism these two factors are placed on different grounds.
In terms of more common everyday differences, Islam does not allow the consumption of swine or alcohol and intoxication.
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