Perterson et al (206) argue that it was the moral obligation of the Europeans as a civilized society to rid Africa of barbaric religious practices, poverty, disease, slave trade and slavery. Social atavism gave justification to this by stating that, human beings, by nature would want to override others (Perterson et al. , 253). This was so much opposed to Christian religious teachings of humankind being equal. According to Darwin, the argument about the existence of God vis a’ vis the universe happening by chance is not of any value. Many scientists indeed have proclaimed to be atheists and view the existence of God as waste of time. The philosophies of Bertrand Russell also openly betray the general view of scientists on faith.
His publication titled, why I am not a Christian and other Essays on Religion and other Subjects, tells us all. He argues that, man created God in his image and likeness and placed him in heaven. This is contrary to what we know and hold that man was created by God in his own image and likeness. He finalizes by asking, who said that God created man in his image and likeness?
Who said God resembled man? Is not man himself? What prove is there that God is in heaven? (Russell, 4) In his publication the Future of Illusion, Sigmund Freud, the pioneer of modern Psychology, talks about religion. Freud associates God to a mental disorder-Neurosis (Freud 14). He further reveals that the belief in God was a false perception, idea or belief. After acquiring sufficient knowledge, man frees himself from religious dogma. Religion is left to uneducated masses. He finalizes by saying that the masses would, by no chance; turn into murderers if they were told there is no God.
His works, however received a lot of criticism. Sanders for instance in the publication Christianity and Freud (1950) talked of Jesus Christ to be the greatest “psychiatrist. ” Religious standpoint against science Since the times of great scientists like Charles Darwin, Sigmund and many others the church stood in the way of science. Claudius Ptolemy, a Greek scholar, is well remembered for the Ptolemaic concept of the universe as highlighted by Kurzweil (97). As Kurzweil notes, Ptolemaic’s model was known as the Geocentric (Earth-centered) model.
According to Ptolemy, the Earth then was the center of the universe and other planets including the sun were around it. He also held that other heavenly bodies were fixed in space (Kurzweil, 131). The idea was unquestionably held by people and the church for centuries.
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