The need for Criminal Justice System Human civilizations have always been exposed to a range of crimes, a social evil which has plagued the societies since time immemorial. In order to counter such threats to societies and ensure a peaceful existence of communities, the establishment of an efficient criminal justice system is imperative. The key purpose behind the establishment of a criminal justice system is to ensure a fair process to facilitate negotiation to enable appropriate and effective resolution of conflicts. It is also designed and implemented to ensure a fair distribution of power and wealth within a society and / or community.
In order for any community or society to develop and prosper, it needs to have a well-developed and well-structured justice system which takes into consideration the pleas of all individuals belonging to different parts of the society. Laws developed as a part of the criminal justice system tend to regulate the behaviour of the citizens and dictate the codes of conduct, in a way that it deters criminals from indulging in crimes. Laws are designed at national level and implemented nationwide and is applicable for all citizens equally.
These rules and regulations act as guidelines for individuals and dictate the model behaviour expected of them, as responsible members of the society we live in. Furthermore, it is effective criminal justice systems ensure the protection of basic human rights and addresses larger social evils, and lay a foundation for a better and peaceful habitat for all individuals (Australian Institute of Criminology, 2006). Criminal Justice System: Meaning and Definition According to Gibson et al (2008) a criminal justice system is a "dedicated form of justice that applies in relation to criminal cases as opposed to civil, family or administrative matters - and that has its own laws, principles, rules, procedures, codes, practices and thinking" (Pp.
9). An effective justice system refers to not only one, which ensures protection of ordinary citizens but it also includes rehabilitation of criminals and bringing them back to the mainstream society. The Australian criminal justice system comprises of a set of laws and regulations which are developed with an aim to safeguard the members belonging to various communities as well as that of their properties.
The system holds the right to decide which acts are and can be categorized as criminal in nature and could prove to be harmful for the society. Under the Australian criminal justice system, the criminals or perpetrators of crime are punished by various means such as through punishments, fines, imprisonment and / or community service (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2011).
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