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Technology Progress and Development of Society

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A dynamic approach to development, which is focused on intermediate technologies’ development, is needed for developing countries. Though there is no strong claim that the production of intermediate technologies would be good for export, there is a suggestion that these goods will be efficient for local use. Such alternative fields for intermediate technologies as initial processing of agricultural products; production of building materials, clothing, household goods, etc are relevant to developing countries (Schumacher, 1973, p. 200). In order to find out the best way for intermediate technologies’ development, it is relevant to refer to experiences of developed countries.

Therefore it is possible to conclude that intermediate technology is the technology that recognizes economic boundaries and limitations of poverty. Smith discusses a close connection between technology and development, technology and society. From a historical perspective, technology and development have always been discussed together. Their mutual linkage concerns their successes and failures (Smith, 2009). Technology is usually considered with regard to one or another inventions or technological areas. Nevertheless, it is relevant to consider technology more globally: people are ‘ embedded’ in technology; they produce and consume it.

Society and technology are closely connected (Smith, 2009, p. 3). Science technology and development are often considered together as well. Economic growth is correlated with the development of technology too. As a matter of fact, theoretically this interrelation is possible, but practically there are a lot of obstacles preventing economic growth, which is solely based on technological development. Two case studies presented by Smith, one about Asian Tigers and the second about Tanzanian telecentre, clearly show that modernization theory can clarify the development process in different countries though there are particular ways of development relevant to a particular country.

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