This approach has a worldwide impact within and outside the domain of psychology, especially in the areas of humanistic psychoanalysis (Humanistic Approach, n.d). Cognitive counseling emphasizes on supervising and influencing one’s thinking patterns. It focuses on minimizing negative thinking, changing the essence of thoughts so that it brings about more positive emotions. Behavioral counseling intends to say about the encouraging actions that an individual will take for getting rewards (an appraisal can be a reward for hard work) and the actions that an individual wont take because of unpleasant outcomes ( fear of getting arrested can prevent a person from stealing or murdering) (Fisher, 2004). Psychodynamic therapy helps the clients to understand the main reason of their problems.
It also provides them knowledge and suggestions to endow them to cope with further problems. During 1940s Sigmund Freud has developed this therapy. According to his belief, our emotions, thoughts and behaviour arises from the unpleasant thoughts from our childhood that we permit to control our present thinking. These composed thoughts and feelings after all exhibits as depression, fears and clashes. The therapy centers on relationships and is mechanized by our interactions with family and near and dear ones.
Psychodynamic therapy is applied by comprehending and approving the most sensitive issues that emerge in a client’s childhood and his experiences will have some kind of subconscious effect on the person. By the help of supportive counseling a client will be able to recognize his subconscious thoughts and how these thoughts have influenced his behaviour. This is done by penetrating into the mind of a client. Depression, anxiety and anger can be cured by using some form of psychodynamic approach.
This kind of counseling depends on the mutual understanding between a counselor and client in order to develop positive strategies which a client can apply to make changes (Psychodynamic Approaches to Counseling, n.d). Ethics for Counseling and Psychotherapy is applicable to counseling research, the application of counseling skills and the management of these services within organizations. The practice of each member of the British Association for Counseling and Psychotherapy has to be informed (BACP: ethical framework, n.d. ). The largest professional organization for counseling and psychotherapy in UK is BACP.
The basic values of counselling and psychotherapy include a commitment to respecting human rights, establishing the honor of practitioner-client affiliation, increasing the quality and use of professional knowledge, lessening personal distress, enhancing personal effectiveness, acknowledging the diversity of human experience and competing for sufficient provision of counselling and psychotherapy services.
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