When combined with other factors in life, this may set a background for the eating disorders. This threatens the ability to learn as well as affect their physical health (Harris et al. According to the British press, most of the teenagers diagnosed of eating disorders reported that bullying contributed significantly to the problem. Most teenagers develop eating disorders because of many reasons. Mostly, pressure from the outside sources forms one of the contributing factors. A survey carried out during National Anti-Bullying Week found out that bullying is a significant player in their eating disorders.
Bullying affects self esteem, which is a major contributor to the eating disorders (Harris et al. A study carried out in London showed that social problems were the most responsible for eating disorders like bulimia and anorexia. Bullying results in a nosedive of a persons self esteem. The truth of the fact that bullying affects self esteem may be undoubted as such behaviours happen mostly in shadows. While it remains inherently difficult to control bullying, its devastating effects warrant the attempt (Herrin 2007, p. An eating disorder refers to a psychiatric illness involving intense fear of gaining weight or extreme desire to become thin.
Such fears may be too much to compel a person to eat too little food or use compensatory methods like vomiting and laxatives in weight control. Onset of the eating disorder occurs mostly during adolescence or at preadolescence stage. Currently, eating disorders can be classified as bulimia nervosa or anorexia nervosa (Bellenir 2005, p. Anorexia nervosa: this is characterized by refusal to eat adequate food despite a feeling of hunger in order to maintain the weight. This involves intense fear of gaining weight despite being underweight.
Teens suffering from anorexia may exercise and go without food excessively. This may also involve taking pills or forcing oneself to vomit in order to force the weight downwards (Bellenir 2005, p. Bulimia nervosa: this involves reoccurring and frequent episodes of binge eating with large consumption of a lot of foods high in calories, fats, carbohydrates or sugars with a feeling of lack of control by the person consuming them. The compulsive purge establishes, and the person feels helpless in weight control.
The complications for the eating disorder include poor physical health, major chemical and metabolic damages to the body.
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