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What Are the Strengths and Limitations of the Five Factor Model of Personality

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Сriticism of the five-factor model is based on the argument that it provides a static account of personality portrayed by an individual over the course of a lifetime. This is contrary to research that has indicated personality traits as developing and transforming throughout the childhood of an individual while they remain stable for healthy individuals over the age of thirty. Among the studies that have proven the inconsistencies in the five-factor model of personality is one that found significant test-retest correlations for dimensions such as Extraversion, Neuroticism, and Openness but could not determine noteworthy correlations traits such as Conscientiousness and Agreeableness for test samples from individuals across the 45-year period.

Based on the evidence of the test-retest correlations that indicates a small proportion in variance suggesting the dimensions are subject to considerable transformations across the adult years. Most of the great psychologists including Cattell, Allport, and Murray have accepted the assumption that personality dispositions change, leading to the conclusion that that five-factor model is important only as reflective of the present generation (Roberts, Walton and Viechtbauer, 2006). This is supported by ongoing empirical studies that have indicated progressive changes to personality structure take place throughout the lifespan of an individual (Cattell, Boyle and Chant, 2002).

Therefore, is important for the five-factor model to reflect the changes in personality occurring over the lifespan of an individual as opposed to taking a structured personality learning approach to the theory. From the foregoing, the five-factor model of determining personality trait has provided an important framework for determining the character of an individual. The model has a number of strengths that have made it an important theory.

Firstly, the theory has increased the available models used in personality determination. The theory has introduced important basis over which researchers can use for individuals to determine their own or behavior of peers.  

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preview essay on What Are the Strengths and Limitations of the Five Factor Model of Personality
  • Pages: 5 (1250 words)
  • Document Type: Essay
  • Subject: Psychology
  • Level: Undergraduate
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