It has the limitation of influencing the final outcome. Approval method is described as a type of range voting, where the range is limited to two values, or a type of majority decision, with grades limited to bad or good. Some of The disadvantages of approval method are that it does not offer relative representation and it is subject to Burr dilemma. The advantage of approval method is that it averts candidates from minor parties from spoiling votes and it minimizes pessimistic campaigning (Parks, 2007). In Pair wise comparisons, every candidate is matched one-on- one with each of the additional candidates.
The candidate with highest points in total becomes the winner. The method gratifies the fairness principle. The disadvantage of using this method in US presidential elections is that it may not represent the majority opinion. In tournament type of election, the geographic region from which a candidate is to be elected is divided into equal parts for instance eight. The eight regions are further divided into eight regions each and this continues until a certain preferred population is achieved. These groups votes for a candidate who then proceeds to the next level to compete with candidates from other regions.
This continues until one candidate is finally elected. Tournament method of election has likelihood to end the effects of money and unique interest in politics. The limitation of this method is that it is time consuming and incase a standoff that region`s candidate is left out (Parks, 2007). Incase of major shifts in US population; the apportionment of the representation in House of Representative is affected. In that the states with the highest population will have to elect more representative members in the house as compared to the states with least population.
These members will then have to elect the representative member of the house or the speaker for that matter. This implies that in this method of election the majority
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