In some cases, the violence experienced by women can be verbal, sexual or physical in nature, but in all its forms, it violates a woman’ s sense of being or the body, irrespective of ethnicity, race; country of origin or age. It is important to emphasize the fact that violence against women is a gender-based issue because it is a direct effect and consequence of the discrimination of women; it is an issue that needs to be addressed within a gender-equality framework (Ellsberg and Heise 45). Globally, the problem of violence against women is a major issue of discussion, mainly because it has been found to be a major cause of physical disability, depression, and alcohol and drug abuse (Alhabib, Nur and Jones 369).
The violence experienced by women has also been directly attributed to increases in social costs, including those incurred in visiting medical facilities for about double the normal times. Ellsberg and colleagues reported the findings of a multinational study done by the World Health Organization (WHO), which showed that domestic violence is a confirmed cause of ill health and a reduction of life expectancy among women globally (1165). It is very difficult to give an accurate estimate of the number of people affected by domestic violence among other forms of violence experienced by women, and this is because many cases are not reported (Wilcox 723).
However, the violence experienced by women is a phenomenon reported among all countries and communities, irrespective of the reference religion, race, class, gender, ethnicity or cultural inclination (Wilcox 725). In a study done by the World Health Organization, it was reported that almost all the countries covered by the study showed violence levels of between 13 and 61 percent (WHO 27).
The study showed that violence against women is a problem experienced, even in countries where gender equality and welfare levels are high, including Norway. Similarly, about 40 percent of the women from Germany and Australia reported experiencing some form of gender-based violence, including sexual and physical violence
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