The industrial application areas can be divided into the human computer interaction (HCI), transportation and control process while the intervention area incorporates design, technological innovation, and safety and accident investigation (Graimann, 2010). Human Computer Interaction (HCI) This decade has been characterized by accelerating increasing in computing activities. The basic computing skills in the contemporary society are almost becoming an essential requirement (Salvendy, 2012). Perhaps, this phenomenon can be associated with the evolution of the computing devices. In the eighties, individuals relied on the use of office desk as the widely known computing device.
It’s a practice that has dramatically changed as numerous upgraded devices are frequently being launched by competing companies. In addition, design in HCI has had a significant influence in areas such as human factors and psychology, software development and engineering, and computer graphics. Application of human factors principle was precipitated by the complex nature of equipment that was beyond the limit of human operation capabilities (Carroll, 2014). Human performance information is embedded into a design called user interface in the psychology of human computer interaction (Lazar, Feng & Hochheiser 2010). The sources of the user interface are the empirical data concerning performance and performance theory (s) and observation as well as analysis of the system (HCI).
The data can either be collected through psychology (most cases laboratory and knowledge base work) or applied by congregation of the human factor design challenges (Rogers, Sharp, & Preece, 2011). RT (2014) elaborates on a new technology being developed by Tufts University scientists on how to back up human brains with computer. The technology will have the ability of scanning the brain to determine if an individual is mentally aware to carry out tasks in question, bored or tired with the work the individual is doing (RT, 2014).
Information Access Cost (IAC) Designing human computer interface that allows users to large amount of information has proved to be challenging. However, the interface structure can be designed to adapt to the cognitive and behavioral nature by making some changes in the IAC which can affect performance. To achieve the above, physical, time and mental cost of accessing information should be highly minimized (Michael & Mark, 2010).
IAC encourages large amount of memory processing techniques which in turn improves both the future memory for information as well as learning geared towards planning and finding solutions to problems (Phillip, John &Leyanne, 2013).
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