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Understanding malaria

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An individual infected with malaria can witness its symptoms within a period of 7-21 days after which the health of the individuals gets deteriorated (UNICEF, “Malaria Prevention and Treatment. ”). 2. With regards to determine the current knowledge on malaria, it is often considered that this particular disease affects the health and wealth of a particular nation at large. It is worth mentioning in this regard that the economic growth of a nation with huge extent of malaria transmission is relatively lower as compared to the nations free from malaria.

Numerous economists conceived that malaria has been the cause of ‘growth penalty’ at the rate of 1.3% annually in African regions (Isle, “Malaria”). At present, issues related to malaria have significantly decreased in nations that remain much focused towards developing effective strategies for precluding and controlling malaria. Current knowledge on this disease in the course of pregnancy supports the fact that ‘intermittent presumptive therapy’ (IPT) along with ‘sulphadoxine or pyrimethamine’ must be used to prevent a women to get severely affected with malaria during gestation (Isle, “Malaria”).

3. Malaria is considered as a systematic disease wherein various systems within a human body gets affected as the erythrocytes get infested. Symptoms of malaria are indicated through a compound syndrome, which is developed through ‘host’ and ‘parasite’ causes. Malaria affects the RBCs within a human body due to which these cells get engaged in processes such as ‘rosetting’, ‘antigenic variation’ and ‘cytoadherence’. The figure below provides a clear idea regarding how malaria is related to the subject of biology or microbiology (Kirchgatter and Portillo, “Clinical and Molecular Aspects of Severe Malaria”).

Fig. 1: Illustration of how parasites (i. e. black circles) affects blood vessels. The arrow depicts how infected RBCs get engaged in cytoadherence and rosetting Source: (Kirchgatter and Portillo, “Clinical and Molecular Aspects of Severe Malaria”) 4. Malaria can be defined as an infection, which is triggered by infected parasites that spread by female Anopheles mosquitos. In order to gather relevant information pertaining to malaria, a personal interview with George Thompson who was previously diagnosed with malaria has been conducted. The interview offered valuable input regarding malaria and its impact on physical as well as mental health of the individuals.

It was revealed that Thompson initially suffered through fever and vomiting, however he failed to recognise that it was the initial symptom of malaria.

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