It is evidently clear from the discussion that the factor that makes the slave life quite miserable is that there are no recognized standards of ethics that slaves themselves may follow. When Eliza wanted to escape Shelby’ s plantation taking Harry with her, she offered Uncle Tom to accompany her and enjoy a freed life. However, Uncle Tom chose not to do so, when he could have done it if Eliza did it. The fundamental reason behind his refusal to join Eliza in her attempt to flee from Shelby’ s plantation was that Uncle Tom felt, his loyalty towards his master would become questionable if he consented with the offer of Eliza.
If we consider Uncle Tom’ s perspective, he was not wrong in his decision. It is not that he did not like freedom or was happy being loyal to a master who would betray him and sell him over to another person just for the sake of some money. Instead, Uncle Tom chose to adopt the ethical course of action and “ to him” , it was the demand of ethics to remain with his master.
He preferred his master’ s ownership over him over his personal freedom. However, later part of the story explains the result of the decision of both Eliza and Uncle Tom. Eliza made an effort and ultimately, was lucky enough to unite with her long shattered family. On the other hand, Uncle Tom kept rolling in the hands of one master and another till the time. One more time, it so happened that Uncle Tom was encouraged by a fellow slave to protest against a shrewd and cruel master, but he thought he owed his master all the patience and undue bearing because he belonged to him.
He submitted himself in the hands of inconsiderate masters. It was, “ perhaps” , his wrong choice that led him to a bad ending and he embraced death after severe weakness, or else, he dies because he was “ destined to” die at that time. Because of their ownership, masters naturally hold a right over the slaves they buy. On the other hand, it is also not wrong of slaves if they tend to escape their masters given every human being is born independent of any ownership.
If the analysis has to be unbiased, a slave has just the same rights as those of a master.
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