The contributions of the states were arguably similar irrespective of its economic status (Kegley, 2008). B contrast, lberals and philosophers of modern theory argued that such corporations had a general positive impact on economic growth by providing a safe ground for a liberal market driven by minimal trade barriers and by engaging in the export of capital, sills, ad modern culture into underdeveloped states (Risse-Kappen, 1995). Citical theorists, hwever, mintained that multinationals constituted the primary triggers of uneven economic growth by essentially milking away resources from underdeveloped economies that badly needed to boost economic growth in those countries (Snyder, 2013).
Snce the recent past, tis storm has largely cooled down, fr two possible reasons: frst, te transnational actor is increasingly forging a differentiated response to economic policy in various states irrespective of their development status (Mitrani, 2013). Te current differentiation process across states drawn from each side of the developed or developing world has triggered functionally equivalent but different avenues to economic growth and important policy debates. Fr instance, Wstern MNCs in Africa influence state actors along the of economic growth, wile those in the Middle East influence individual state actors to rein in rampant insecurity.
I is difficult, terefore, t sustain a common theory of multinationals’ effect on the politics of economic growth because the actors encounter and respond to different challenges in quite dissimilar ways (Abrahms, 2013). A such the MNCs effect on development differs substantially based on politics, clture and social factors in countries where they operate. Nnetheless, Tansnational Advocacy Networks and International non-governmental Organizations (INGOs) have substantially influenced world politics by emphasizing the of doctrines and knowledge-backed processes as the way to better international relations.
Kgley (2008) cited the growing consensus among authors on the huge role played by INGOs and other charity transnational actors (TNAs) in altering the perceptions and actions of the international community in global politics. Sholars have reached a general agreement that advocacy groups and epistemic communities among other transnational actors can have a remarkable impact on. ..
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