A wide range of factors that directly and indirectly impact on child health development includes physical health, child care, education, neighbourhoods, and access to services within the community should be regarded as highly as highly important. Other advocacy groups have accused the mass media as the main culprit for marketing junk food to children. The socioeconomic status, especially income, education, and the availability of social and individual supports, can be highlighted as some of the most powerful factors influencing childhood obesity. Disparities associated with race/ethnicity can be considered to be the outcome of environmental factors including discrimination and racism, as well as set health behaviours such as lack of health care of adherence to health instructions owing to cultural or language preferences of some groups.
Families play a critical role in shaping children’ s early life experiences, the prevention of obesity among young children demand effective approaches for working with families. It is essential to acknowledge that family members bear primary responsibility for, influence on, the health, wellbeing, and development of children, as well as the community and those who work in the broader environment where children live.
Family meals foster healthy habits and consistently possess a healthy impact on child nutrition and eating habits. Obesity among children and adolescents spread across lines of race, socioeconomic status and gender. Societal factors also play a big role as the majority of neighbourhoods do not have healthy alternatives to fast food outlets. Numerous social and environmental factors bear negative influences on the physical activity and eating behaviours of children. Financial and time factors can be highlighted as some of the factors that force families to minimize food costs and meal preparation time, yielding to increased to increased consumption of pre-packaged convenience foods that are high in fat and calories.
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